What are plastic beads made of
Recognize real pearls and pearl jewelry
How are real pearls made?
Real pearls are created by the protective function of mussels and snails, which is triggered by the animals to defend themselves against foreign bodies or parasites. However, very few mussels produce pearls from mother-of-pearl, which is what makes the special mixture of lime and horny substance so popular. Almost all pearls used to make jewelry today are Cultured pearlswhich are grown in pearl farms.
Pearls are characterized by their size, shape and, above all, their sheen. The luster describes the surface luster of a pearl and is one of the main criteria for determining the quality of a pearl. The color of pearls ranges from pink to orange-red to silver-gray, depending on the type of pearl. Next South sea pearls and Tahitian pearlswhich belong to the seawater pearls, there are also river and freshwater pearls.
Due to the popularity, rarity and high value of the pearls, there are of course also many fakes.
Some of the reputable online shops for pearl jewelry include:
These shops offer a large selection of pearl necklaces and pearl earrings at fair prices.
How can I recognize a real pearl?
The following features and tests will show you how to tell the difference between a real pearl and a fake. To be sure that your jewelry is real pearl, be sure to use several of the following tests.
Friction test with pearls
Another way to check the authenticity of a pearl is the so-called friction test. You can do this by rubbing the bead either against your teeth or against another bead. If the surface of the pearl feels slightly grainy or rough, it is a real pearl. On the other hand, you can recognize counterfeits by their perfectly smooth, unstructured surface.
In addition, the pearl should not give in when you "bite it". Only imitations made of plastic do this.
Explanatory video for the friction test for pearls (English)
The shape of the pearl
Since pearls are a product of nature, each pearl differs from others, if only in a tiny little detail. Most of the pearls are not perfectly round, but slightly oval or somewhat elongated. You can easily test this trait by rolling your bead on a flat surface. If your pearl is not perfectly round, it will go off track and not roll straight.
Of course, a real pearl can also be perfectly round. However, this is extremely rare and increases the value of the pearl enormously.
As a natural product, most pearls have small defects or imperfections. You can tell real pearls from fakes, which are usually too perfect, by means of grooves or small scratches. Real pearls are also never identical. If all the pearls on your necklace look the same, it is almost certainly a fake.
Surface luster of the pearl
You can recognize a real pearl by the so-called luster, i.e. the surface luster of the pearl. High quality pearls have a clear luster. This means that the light reflection on the pearl surface is particularly strong. In this case, if you look closely, you can see your reflection on the pearl.
But watch out: if you don't see your reflection in the mirror, that doesn't mean it's a fake. As a result, pearls with a poorer quality do not have a particularly clear surface luster, but are still real.
Drill hole in pearls
Pearls that adorn chains or bracelets usually have a drill hole for the thread. By analyzing these drill holes, you can find additional features that indicate the authenticity or falsification of a pearl.
Piercing a real pearl leaves sharp, clear edges. The drill holes therefore look like a cylinder. In the case of a pearl counterfeit, on the other hand, the surface bends slightly outwards or the edges of the drill hole are rounded. Chipped paint and a damaged coating also indicate a fraudulent imitation pearl.
One of the authenticity features of pearls is their outer layer of mother-of-pearl. This is separated from the core, i.e. the interior of the pearl, by a clear border. By looking through the borehole with a magnifying glass you should see this boundary. In the case of a fake pearl, the mother-of-pearl layer is only imitated and much thinner.
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