How many Georgians speak Russian

Mountaineering, ski touring, trekking,
Bike travel in the Caucasus in Georgia


The Caucasus has been the borderland between Orient and Occident since ancient times and is considered to be the cradle of ancient civilization. A highly developed agricultural culture already existed here in the Neolithic Age and ancient legends of Prometheus, the golden fleece or Noah's ark are associated with this mighty mountain range or have their origin here. As a "crossroads on the way of the peoples" Georgia was repeatedly subjugated by major foreign powers - Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Persians, Mongols, Turks and Russians. Although Christianity prevailed in Georgia and neighboring Armenia as early as the 2nd century and the Georgian Orthodox Church became a state church in the first half of the 4th century, the European and Asian conquerors also influenced the diverse Caucasian culture that gave us strange and at the same time strangely familiar.

The peoples who inhabit the Caucasus or have settled there over the centuries are just as diverse: More than 100 nationalities and languages ​​live in the "hive of peoples", which is a model country of religious and national tolerance, always every kind of religious fanaticism and Anti-Semitism was alien. The laws of hospitality and tolerance have always had a stronger effect than religious dogmas in the multiethnic Caucasus, but have recently lost a lot in the constant struggle against the separatism of some minorities. Nevertheless, the saying “The guest is sent by God” is still one of the highest laws of life for all Caucasian tribes. In Soviet times, southern Georgia was one of the richest republics and attracted many visitors. After the coup d'état and the civil war in 1992/93, numerous small hotels and private guest houses were built, which also make traveling overland easier. With the change of government in 2003, tourism gained further importance. There is now a very good infrastructure almost everywhere that is constantly being expanded.

Getting there:

Most of the time you arrive by plane. On request, we can also organize the journey by land (e.g. by bike via Italy - Greece - Turkey)


At the moment there are only direct flights from Lufthansa from Munich. Many airlines such as TK, LOT, UK, KLM, A9, Pegasus Air fly to Tbilisi with a stopover.
Depending on the offer and the airline, you can find flights between 300 and 600 euros.

The flight time is 4 hours. The time difference is to Central European Time (CET + 2 hours). Alpinists should be careful not to take friends, carabiners or similar items with them as hand luggage on the aircraft, as they are classified as dangerous and may not be taken with them. If it is checked in with normal baggage, there are no problems.


Since August 2005 there is no longer a visa requirement for citizens of the EU states. A passport that is valid for at least 6 months is required to enter the country.
(Current information is available at:

You no longer need a travel confirmation:


Mountain equipment suppliers as they can be found in every major German city are currently only available in Tbilisi in Georgia. You should take care to take the equipment with you - unless it is provided by Architours.

Climate / travel time

In the western lowlands there is a subtropical climate from April to September, in the Caucasus a high mountain climate. Further to the east, continental influences are increasingly determining the weather, i.e. it is significantly drier with greater temperature differences during the day / night. For the lowlands, spring and autumn are also ideal travel times, in the Caucasus the season is limited to May to October.

Tourist Attractions

Georgia, with its over 5000 churches, monasteries, fortresses, defense towers and cave towns, is rich in cultural monuments that reflect the checkered history of the country between Orient and Occident. For us, above all the people with their hospitality and the varied landscapes, which range from the pre-alpine Lesser Caucasus to sub-tropical forests and the Black Sea in the west, grass steppes in the east and the high alpine Great Caucasus, are the ultimate experience. Those who find the Alps too civilized and the Rocky Mountains too far away can hike, ski touring, skiing, cycling, horse riding, rafting and of course mountaineering in the untamed and almost deserted Caucasus.

Currency / finance

The national currency, the Georgian lari, may neither be imported nor exported. There is no limit to the introduction of foreign currencies. There are banks and ATMs in almost all cities. Credit cards are accepted in the larger hotels, expensive shops and restaurants. The travel fund should consist of US dollars or euros, not too small denominations. You can exchange money in banks (in Tbilisi also in exchange offices, fees are often charged for the number of bills).
You can find out the current exchange rate on the homepage of the Georgian embassy


There is no paradise for free: Georgia is not a cheap travel destination. The prices for western products are at the German level, the prices for accommodation are high for the standard offered, while the local products on the markets are cheap.

Accommodation / overnight

In Tbilisi we stay in a 2-3 star hotel in a good location. All rooms have bath / toilet. In the countryside, private accommodation is an excellent way to experience Georgian cuisine and hospitality up close. In the mountains we will spend the night in a hotel, base camp, tents or huts, depending on the invitation.

In the Caucasus there is only one "hut" on the Georgian side - more reminiscent of a bad winter hut in the Alps in terms of equipment and comfort. The Bethlemihütte, once set up as a meteo station, offers all the necessary things as a base for our Kazbektours.

to eat and drink

must mean "drink and eat" in Georgia. You have to try Georgian wine for two reasons: firstly because of its quality and excellent taste, secondly because of the hosts who do not let strangers get up early from the traditional round table with its great traditions and original toasts. But the down-to-earth, yet varied and refined cuisine is also worth leaving your own stove cold.

In addition to many street stalls selling boiled corn on the cob and khachapuri (dumplings filled with cheese), there are countless small restaurants where we will eat typical of the country on the way: shashlik - meat skewers, khinkali (filled dumplings), aubergines filled with walnut paste (badridschani) and Salad. Power bars and the like There is no special food for mountaineers in Georgia (Snickers etc. already)


Especially after the armed conflict in summer 2008, we are repeatedly asked about the safety of our tours.
Geogrien can now be classified as a safe travel destination again.
If there are changes in the security situation, we will adjust the tours at short notice or cancel them if necessary. We will not do risky tours.

Current information from the Foreign Office:

Our competent tour guides and mountain guides ensure safety on our tours.

Vaccinations / Health

Vaccinations are not mandatory, but vaccinations against polio, tetanus and diphtheria should be boosted if necessary. Vaccinations against hepatitis A + B and typhus should be considered in consultation with the doctor / health department. An international insurance with a return option should be taken out.

Language / writing

More and more Georgians speak German or English. Almost all Georgians speak Russian, but are reluctant to use the language of the unpopular former "headquarters". It is advisable to start a conversation in German or English to show the other person that you are not Russian. After that, everyone involved is happy to have a common basis of communication in Russian. Basically, the Georgians are very friendly to Germany, which is historically based on the close ties of the first democratic Georgian republic (1917-1921) with Germany and is updated by the current investments of German companies. As one of the fourteen existing alphabets in the world, the Georgian alphabet is completely independent, has no similarities and is therefore not easy to interpret. In addition to Georgian, most signs now also have Latin letters, which are increasingly replacing Cyrillic.


Achitours will be happy to provide you with information on all questions.


GeoLand Ltd, Telegraph Cul-de-Sac, 0105, Tbilisi, Georgia Tel: + (995 32) 921191, + (995 32) 92 25 53 Fax: (+995 32) 92 14 94. E-mail: [email protected]
[email protected] or ask us.

Mairs Shell Eurocard: GUS Großblatt 5 (Black Sea coast and Caucasus) 1: 750,000. ISBN 3-87504-695-1