What is the civic competition



1. Generally: Competition is to be understood as the striving of two or more people or groups towards a goal, whereby the higher degree of goal achievement of one usually causes a lower degree of goal achievement by the other (e.g. sporting, cultural or economic competition).

2. Economically: If one applies this very general idea of ​​competition to business life, then competition is conceptually characterized by the following features:
(1) Existence of markets with
(2) at least two sellers or buyers,
(3) who behave antagonistically (as opposed to cooperative), i.e. want to improve their degree of target achievement at the expense of other economic agents by using one or more action parameters;
(4) This provides a complementarity of incentive and order functions, which is missing in so-called socialist competition (socialist market economy).

3. In order to fill in the content of the competition outlined in this way, there are different in the literature models of competition policy or concepts have been developed.

4. Concept of aeffective competitions.

See also economic sociology.

Business ethics

Competition brings an antagonistic element to social relationships. This has created theoretical and ethical problems for people and moral philosophers for centuries. Business ethics has to make it clear that the competition, provided it takes place under a suitable framework, has an ethical justification: It encourages all actors to be creative and disciplined and thus guarantees that the general public can benefit from the relatively best problem solutions very quickly. According to Böhm, competition is “the greatest and most ingenious instrument of disempowerment in history”.

See also business ethics.