Is Cuba socialist or communist
Adios, communism! Hola, socialism!
From this Saturday on, the MPs in Havana will discuss the constitutional reform. The old state system with its commitment to communism dates back to the Soviet era, when Cuba was at the center of the Cold War between the so-called Eastern Bloc and the Western world.
Cuba's head of state Miguel Diaz-Canel
The new work is intended to make concessions to the current economic and political changes to which the Caribbean state is exposed. But they want to hold on to the one-party system - the reform should even strengthen it. The cabinet of the new President Miguel Diaz-Canel also consists largely of the same ministers as under his predecessor Raul Castro.
Separation of heads of state and government
After more than 60 years of rule by the brothers Fidel and Raul Castro, who were each able to rule almost unrestrictedly, the new constitution provides for a greater division of power.
Fidel Castro (left) and his brother and successor Raul Castro ruled Cuba for more than 60 years (photo from 2012)
The president will be assigned a head of government. The post of prime minister is to be created for this purpose. Also, the president should no longer be head of the Council of State and the Council of Ministers. Instead, the State Council - the highest executive body - is to be headed by the Speaker of Parliament in future.
The draft also sets age and term limits for presidents. They must be younger than 60 when they first take office and may not rule for more than two consecutive terms of five years.
Right to private property
One of the big changes should also be that communism is no longer formulated as a state goal. The Communist Party remains the leading political force, but the aim is now to build socialism and no longer that of a "communist society".
According to the new constitution, the right to private property should also be recognized, Secretary of State Homero Acosta told MPs. This should give the micro-enterprises flourishing in the course of economic reforms more legal recognition.
The LGBT community has long been fighting for same-sex marriages in Cuba
Marriage for everyone
Article 68 of the draft constitution defines marriage as "a voluntary covenant between two persons". This was reported in advance by the newspaper "Granma", the organ of the Communist Party of Cuba.
The newspaper pointed out that the text does not address the gender of those involved. In the current constitution of 1976, however, marriage was defined as a "voluntary union between a man and a woman".
The people have the say
The Cuban parliament is due to vote on the 224 articles of the new constitution by Monday. The text is then to be submitted to the citizens for voting in a referendum. The Communist Party has already approved the reform.
mak / haz (afp, rtr, dpa)
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