How is the culture in Alaska

History of Alaska

When the first humans settled in Alaska is not certain - estimates range from 40,000 to 15,000 years before Christ. It is believed that the first nomads followed the caribou herds across the ice-free Bering Land Bridge, which at the time connected the Asian with the American continent. Other hypotheses assume that immigrants cross from island to island by ship from Asia to Alaska.

Several millennia later, the Athabaskan Indians, Tlingits and Eskimos came to Alaska in a period in between. Around 4000 BC the last nomads set out across the frozen sea and colonize the Aleutian Islands. The two smaller Indian tribes - the Tsimshians and Haidas - only emigrated from Canada to the southeast of the country in the 17th and 18th centuries.

About 80,000 Inuit and Indians lived in Alaska in the 18th century.

Reports about the incredible abundance of animals in Siberia triggered a wave of immigration to the arctic regions in the middle of the 18th century. The first Russian settlement was established on the island of Kodiak in 1741, and the fur trade flourished.

The Spanish and English are becoming aware of the Russian supremacy in the Arctic and are sending their own expeditions. James Cook is advancing to the North Pacific and Unalaska under the English flag. Ivanovich Shelikof, leader of the Russian fur traders, was commissioned by the Tsar in 1784 to found the Russian-American Society. This should not only control the fur trade, but also enforce Russian policy in the arctic areas - including colonizing previously unoccupied land. In 1804, Aleksandr Baranov became the first governor of Russian America.