What are BC and OBC

Difference between OC and SC and ST and BC and OBC

OC against SC against ST against BC against OBC

The caste system in India is considered very old and has been in decline for centuries. Ancient Hindu society was divided into four exclusive, hereditary and occupational varnas (castes or races or races). Vedas (ancient Hindu scriptures), which form the basis of such a division of society into Varnas, say that these 4 Varnas come from 4 different body parts of Lord Brahma, the creator of the universe. Brahmins came from the mouth, which gives them the right to attend to the intellectual and spiritual needs of society. Khatriyas (warriors) came from hands and gave them the right to be protectors of society. Vaishyas (merchants) came from the thighs to take care of agriculture and trade, and the feet gave birth to shudras (artisans and laborers) who were supposed to take care of handicrafts. A fifth category was added later and that was Ati Shudras (Untouchables) who were sentenced for all dirty and polluting jobs.

This Varna system worked well until the late 19th century, but as urbanization took place and the economy became more complex, especially after independence in 1947, the Jati system emerged from the Varna system, which has the same characteristics as the Varna System, but Jatis did not have subsets of Varnas. There are regional differences in the jati system where a jati in one region may be backwards while in another region it may not be.

In order to simplify the distinction and also to elevate the weaker sections of society, the Indian government, with an amendment to the constitution, allowed seats to be reserved for backward and weaker sections of society. The classification made by the government is as follows.


Another category, also known as the open category, which has no employment reservation. This is also known as the general class (GEN), which is mainly composed of three of the highest classes in the Varna system, namely the Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Vaishyas.


These are tribes that have traditionally lived in the forests and make up 7-8% of the Indian population. They have traditionally been marginalized and are not part of the mainstream of society. Also known as Adivasis, they are known as Planned Tribes because they were added according to a constitutional schedule.


These are planned castes that were previously considered untouchables and made up 16-17% of the total population of the country.


These classes, also known as backward classes, come from economically and socially backward classes in society.


Other backward castes form a very large group that is heterogeneous and similar to ST in the sense that they were considered economically and socially very backward by the Constitution. A large part (30%) of the Indian population belongs to this class.

It was the intention of policymakers that by providing a reservation for jobs, SC and ST would slowly get into mainstream society, which is why this reservation was originally only planned for 10 years. But it not only continued, it increased it to a large extent, causing discontent among the country's youth.