Probiotics reduce bloating in dogs

Bloated stomach: symptoms - what helps against pain in a bloated stomach?

Typical causes of a bloated stomach can be certain foods. Find out more reasons and helpful tips on how to reduce and avoid bloating.

When you think of "meteorism" you probably think of astronomy first. In fact, it is the medical term for a bloated stomach. "Meteor" comes from the Greek word metéoron ab, which means something like "air phenomenon". This applies to both falling stars and a balloon-like belly. A bloated stomach is caused by an excessive accumulation of air or gases in the digestive tract, more precisely in the large intestine or stomach. Meteorism is not a disease, but a symptom that can affect anyone and have a variety of causes.

What is a bloated stomach?

Gases such as hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and methane are naturally produced during digestion. Air enters the stomach when breathing, eating and speaking. On average, there are around 150 milliliters of gas in the intestine. The majority of it is absorbed into the bloodstream through the intestinal wall and transported out of the body through the lungs when you exhale. The other part escapes during belching or as an intestinal wind. Up to 1.5 liters of intestinal air escape every day - so 15 to 20 puffs per day are completely normal.

Certain foods and eating habits, but also stress and illnesses, can lead to an increased accumulation of air in the digestive tract. If the intestinal gases escape rectally, one speaks of gas (flatulence). However, if they are not sufficiently broken down naturally - i.e. by exhaling, belching or releasing intestinal winds - the stomach will inflate. Not necessarily, but often, bloating and gas occur together.

Causes of a bloated stomach

There can be many causes for the stomach to suddenly expand. The reasons for gas formation in the abdomen are mostly harmless:

  • Flatulent foods: Above all, high-fat, spicy, heavily sweetened or high-fiber foods are heavy on the stomach and cause a bloated stomach. They contain certain substances that stimulate gas production in the intestine. For example, legumes contain sugar molecules that cannot be processed by the small intestine. When bacteria decompose in the large intestine, gases are then produced.
  • Sugar and sugar substitutes: Excessive consumption of sugar or sugar substitutes, such as fructose, xylitol, maltitol, mannitol or sorbitol, promotes the development of a bloated stomach. Sugar substitutes are mainly found in diet and light products, soft drinks, sweets, finished products and sugar-free chewing gum. Fructose and sorbitol also occur naturally in fruit and dried fruit.
  • Food intolerance: Intolerance to certain foods also causes a bloated stomach. Examples are gluten intolerance (celiac disease), fructose intolerance (fruit sugar) or lactose intolerance.
  • Eating behavior: Those who gulp their meals swallow more air, which distorts the stomach. In addition, food intake under stress is usually associated with inadequate chewing. If insufficiently chewed food reaches the intestine, it is mainly digested by intestinal bacteria and not by saliva. Sulfur-containing gases can form in the process. Different food combinations can also cause a bloated stomach in sensitive people. Unfavorable combinations are, for example, cereals and fruit (jam bread, fruit cake) or cereals and cheese (cheese bread, cheesecake, pizza).
  • Sedentary lifestyle: In addition to diet, the symptoms can also be caused by a lack of exercise. The intestines become sluggish, the transport of food slows down and the risk of bloating increases. There is a risk not only of flatulence, but also of constipation.
  • Medication: Taking antibiotics unbalances the intestinal flora. The result: the stomach reacts more sensitively to foods that are difficult to digest and the risk of bloating increases. Laxatives or anti-diabetic drugs can also cause bloating.
  • Smoke: When smoking, the body breathes in excess air. Just 1 to 2 cigarettes a day are enough to increase the risk of bloating.
  • Chewing gum:When chewing gum, more air gets into the stomach and intestines. This gives the body the quick signal that it is getting food and stimulates digestion. Many sugar-free chewing gums also contain artificial sugar substitutes, which also promote bloating.
  • Stress: In times of stress and psychological stress, the body releases more of the hormone cortisol, which slows down digestion. This causes sugar molecules to enter the intestines, where the bacteria produce gases as they break down. Those who are stressed also tend to eat quickly, which also increases the amount of air in the stomach.
  • Hormones: In women, bloating is often caused by fluctuations in hormones during menstruation, pregnancy or menopause. During this time, the body produces more progesterone. The hormone relaxes the intestinal muscles, which is why the stomach inflates more quickly. In addition, the body stores more water in the tissue.
  • Dress: Pants, belts or so-called shapewear that are too tight can - especially in connection with a large meal - favor a bloated stomach. Excessive abdominal wall pressure negatively affects the air distribution in the intestine and disrupts the further transport of the intestinal contents, so that the stomach inflates.
  • Roemheld Syndrome: It describes a group of symptoms caused by excessive build-up of gas in the gastrointestinal tract. The focus of this syndrome is heart complaints, especially chest tightness and chest pain.

Lactose intolerance affects more and more people. They do not tolerate milk sugar - lactose. The consumption of milk and dairy products usually leads to severe complaints such as abdominal pain, flatulence and diarrhea.

Most common cause: flatulent foods

In most cases, bloating occurs after eating. The following table shows both foods that are very flatulent and foods that are easy to digest. If your stomach is often bloated, avoid or eat in moderation the foods in the left column. Instead, use the alternatives listed.

The intensity and frequency of gas formation depends on the individual intestinal flora. Every body has its own composition of intestinal bacteria and therefore tolerates certain foods more or less well. In the case of sensitive people, the "wrong" order of the foods can lead to a bloated stomach. It is best to eat the things that are most easily digested first: fruits, followed by lettuce, rice, cheese, and meat. Starchy foods are also easier to digest than protein-rich foods. It is best to keep a food diary and document which foods cause bloating.

Flatulent foodsWholesome foods
Bakery productsfresh bread, yeast pastriesBread made from finely ground wholemeal flour, sourdough bread
vegetablesCabbage, onions, asparagus, mushrooms, peppers, cucumber, radish, garlic, leekZucchini, tomato, carrots, fennel, fennel seeds, lettuce, kohlrabi, broccoli
fruitStone fruit, citrus fruit, dried fruitBananas, watermelon, cranberries
fleshDuck GooseVeal, beef, poultry, game
sausageSalami, Mettwurst, TeewurstBeer ham, cooked ham, poultry sausage
fishSmoked fish, eel, herring, salmon, sardinesPangasius, pollack
Potato productsFried potatoes, potato pancakes, croquettes, French friesJacket potatoes, boiled potatoes, mashed potatoes, dumplings
Dairy productsCream, whole milk, fatty cheeselow-fat milk, low-fat cheese
beveragesFruit juices, carbonated drinks, alcohol, coffee, black teastill water, unsweetened tea
legumesPeas, beans, lentils
Diet products, light products, sugar-free chewing gum

Diseases as the cause of a bloated stomach

A bloated stomach can also be the symptom of a disease related to the digestive system, especially if there are other symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation or vomiting. If a bloated stomach recurs over a long period of time, the following diseases can be behind it:

  • Irritable bowel / irritable stomach: A bloated stomach is one of the most common symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. In the case of irritable bowel syndrome, the lower abdomen is affected, in the case of irritable stomach the upper abdomen is affected. Many patients have a combination of irritable bowel and irritable bowel syndrome.
  • Intestinal fungus: Intestinal fungi are usually yeasts of the genus Candida albicans. They break down carbohydrates from food into carbon dioxide and fusel alcohol, which causes a bloated stomach. The cause of intestinal fungus can be a diet high in white flour and sugar, as well as the use of antibiotics.
  • Gluten intolerance (Celiac disease): For people with celicaism, even traces of gluten in the food can lead to symptoms such as abdominal cramps, diarrhea and gas.
  • Crohn's disease / ulcerative colitis: Regular bloating can also be the result of inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. While Crohn's disease can affect the entire digestive tract from the oral cavity to the anus, ulcerative colitis only affects the large intestine.
  • Inflammation of the stomach lining (Gastritis): An inflamed stomach lining is usually associated with a flat stomach, a feeling of fullness and diarrhea. Common causes of gastritis are stress, alcohol, or anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Inflammation of the pancreas (Pancreatitis): When the pancreas is inflamed, the digestion of fat and protein is disturbed. As a result, undigested food components get into the large intestine, where more gases are produced as a result of the decomposition. The most common causes of pancreatitis are gallstones and excessive alcohol consumption.
  • diabetes: Long-term diabetics often suffer from nerve disorders. If the nerves that control bowel movements are affected, the bowel becomes sluggish. Constipation and gas are the result.
  • Portal hypertension (Portal hypertension): Due to a weak heart (heart failure) or a disease of the liver (cirrhosis), the blood in the portal vein, a large vein, can build up up to the liver. This congestion of blood can also affect the digestive organs and lead to a bloated stomach.
  • Colon cancer
  • Intestinal obstruction

Symptoms: This is how a flat stomach manifests itself

The name says it all: In the case of a flat stomach, the stomach is strongly arched forward and feels unusually large. He is sensitive to pressure, stomach pains occur, gurgling and rumbling in the stomach are clearly audible. Other complaints can include nausea, loss of appetite and a feeling of fullness. Diarrhea, constipation, heartburn and abdominal cramps can also occur.

Flatulence, that is, foul-smelling winds that occur more often with a bloated stomach, is particularly unpleasant. The smell of these gases is generally not unusual. In the course of digestion, fermentation processes usually take place, the products of which smell bad. Sometimes, however, a bloated stomach occurs without gas.

Symptoms at a glance:

  • bulging belly
  • Gurgling and rumbling in the stomach
  • Wind (flatulence)
  • Abdominal pain, abdominal cramps
  • Bloating
  • nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • diarrhea
  • constipation
  • heartburn
  • Vomit

What helps against a bloated stomach: home remedies and tips

  • Herbal helpers: Herbal tea is the first choice if the stomach tightens and pinches. Freshly brewed tea from Ginger, turmeric, sage or peppermint stimulates digestion and relieves painful flatulence. The essential oil of the plants helps to break down fats better and dissolves gas bubbles in the intestines. Also Caraway, anise, chamomile, fennel and basil have a positive effect on the stomach and intestines. Alternatively, you can use the herbs and spices to refine dishes.
  • Cranberries: The red fruits - whether taken as juice or pure - free your body of excess water, toxins and the annoying bloated stomach.
  • Warmth:If the stomach is cramped, the bloated stomach becomes doubly uncomfortable. Then a hot water bottle can help. It relieves the bloated feeling and relaxes the entire gastrointestinal area.
  • Abdominal massage: Massage can help with acute bloating. Lie on your back and gently massage your stomach in a clockwise circular motion. This will help the gases to escape.
  • Move: A gentle abdominal muscle workout has a similar effect to a massage. The change between muscle tension and relaxation activates the abdominal muscles and relaxes the intestines. Even simple exercises such as "cycling" in the air while lying down push air out of the colon.
  • Hay flower sack: A warm hay flower sack has a relaxing effect and calms a bloated stomach. You can either get it in the pharmacy or you can simply make one yourself: sew a small bag of fabric about 30 x 50 cm and fill it two-thirds with hay flowers, which you can also buy in the pharmacy. Warm the hay flower sack in a saucepan with boiling water, squeeze it out, let it cool down a bit and place it on your stomach for 20 to 30 minutes.

Treatment: when to see a doctor?

In most cases, a bloated stomach is not dangerous. If there are no further symptoms, you do not have to see a doctor with flatulence or a flat stomach. Most of the time one will helpChange in diet and eating habits. Anyone who reduces or even avoids flatulent foods and still often suffers from a bloated stomach should be better examined. Because in this case a serious illness could be hidden behind the complaints. Anyone who has severe abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting in addition to the bloated stomach should also see a doctor.

To make the diagnosis easier for the doctor, it is advisable to keep a food diary for a few weeks. In it you record every day what you eat and how you feel afterwards - both physically and mentally. In this way, the doctor can better assess whether you are allergic to a certain food or even have an intolerance. In this case, a change in diet is necessary. If there is an intestinal disease behind the symptoms, treatment is the focus of the therapy.

Anyone who regularly suffers from bloating can also try to improve their intestinal flora with therapeutic fasting or aColon cleansing rebuild. A therapy with probiotics can help especially in patients with irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis. Incorrect colonization of the intestine with yeast can be caused by a Candida Dietbe treated. Stress is the main cause of the discomfortYoga and meditation to recommend.

Medicines for bloated stomach

The home remedies and methods mentioned are always the first remedy for a bloated stomach. In the short term, so-called DefoamerTo remedy the situation. They prevent large amounts of gas from accumulating in the intestine. Consult a doctor or pharmacist in advance about the dosage and side effects of the medication.

If the bloated stomach occurs in connection with abdominal cramps, antispasmodic drugs - so-called Antispasmodics, help relax the intestinal muscles.

Some people cannot digest foods that contain fat, protein, or carbohydrates properly, because the appropriate ones Digestive enzymes are not produced in sufficient quantities by the stomach, pancreas or liver. Medications that contain these enzymes aid digestion and can relieve or prevent bloating.

If a bloated stomach is the result of an illness, it must be treated. For example, cortisone preparations or immunosuppressants can be used for chronic intestinal diseases such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis.

Preventing intestinal problems: This prevents the bloated stomach

If you regularly suffer from bloating, it is worthwhile to analyze your own eating habits first. Above all, they are important Type of food, how it is prepared and your eating habits. Eat mainly foods that are easy to digest and also pay attention to the order and combination of foods.Make time for meals, do not eat while standing or walking, and chew food thoroughly. Sensitive tummies can also tolerate several small meals spread over the day better than three large meals. Regular exercise and a daily intake of around 2 liters of water are also important to keep digestion going.

Other tips you can use to prevent bloating:

1.Sew vegetables: If you don't want to do without vegetables, you should stew or blanch them, your stomach can handle it better. Raw food, on the other hand, often causes problems for the stomach.

2. Toasting bread: Whole-grain bread should not be eaten fresh, but rather let it rest for a day so that it is more digestible. It also helps to toast the bread beforehand.

3. Soak legumes:If you soak legumes for a few hours in hot water at 80 degrees Celsius, the content of flatulent sugar molecules is reduced by up to 80 percent. It is of course important that you then pour away the water and boil the legumes in fresh water. The water from canned food can also promote the development of a bloated stomach and flatulence and should therefore be thrown away. It is also more digestible to enjoy the legumes as a soup or stew.

4.Eat bitter substances:Kitchen herbs (savory, tarragon, rosemary and thyme), vegetables (broccoli, chicory, Brussels sprouts) and leafy salads (dandelion, cress, rocket, radicchio) contain many bitter substances that stimulate digestion and counteract bloating.

5. A glass of water before meals:A glass of still water before a meal activates the formation of saliva and can help prevent bloating. However, it is better not to drink during meals, as this will dilute the stomach acid.

6. Healing clay before eating: Healing clay is a powder made from loess that binds excess air and gas in the digestive tract. Dissolve one to two tablespoons of healing clay in a glass of water and drink it about 30 minutes before a meal. The particles bind acids and fats and accelerate their transport through the intestines, so that the bacteria have less time to form gases.

7. Slowly get your gut used to fiber: Fiber is healthy and important for the intestinal flora. Increase your fiber intake bit by bit and only eat small servings of high fiber foods to slowly get your stomach and intestines used to them. It is also important to drink a lot in conjunction with fiber.

8. Digestive walk: Take short walks more often after eating to counteract meteorism.

9.Exclude incompatibilities: You can selectively eat and then leave out foods to which you may be allergic to check for such effects. In suspected cases, however, only a visit to the doctor can provide certainty.

10. Build up intestinal flora: Probiotics (e.g. yoghurt, kefir, sauerkraut) and prebiotics (flea seeds, flax seeds, apples) help build a healthy intestinal flora. If you want to improve your digestion in the long term, you should eat probiotic and prebiotic foods regularly.

Important NOTE: The information is in no way a substitute for professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of t-online cannot and must not be used to independently make diagnoses or start treatments.

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