Who was Himmler?
Reichsführer of the SS, chief of the police and Reichskommissar for the consolidation of the German nationality
Heinrich Himmler was born on October 7, 1900 in Munich. There he took part in the failed Hitler putsch in 1923 as a member of a radical right-wing military association. In 1925 he joined the NSDAP, was deputy head of propaganda from 1926 to 1930 and in January 1929 was appointed "Reichsführer SS". Himmler built the SS into an efficient inner-party police force. His top priority in the selection and management of personnel was always his racist ideas, which soon determined the spirit of the SS. In 1933 Himmler became police president of Munich and from then on organized the political police in Bavaria. In April 1934 he was appointed deputy head of the Prussian Gestapo by Hermann Göring, of which Reinhard Heydrich became head.
Himmler was instrumental in the murder of prominent SA members after the so-called Röhm Putsch - on June 30th / 1st. July 1934 - involved. Subsequently, he managed to separate the SS from the SA and to become an independent organization within the NSDAP. The task of the SS was now inter alia. the organization and guarding of the concentration camps built since 1933. In 1936 Himmler became Reichsführer SS and chief of the police and was able to merge the two security apparatuses, the state and the party. A comprehensive surveillance and terror system was thus created.
In 1939, Himmler became "Reich Commissioner for the Consolidation of German Volkstum" and thus responsible for the "Germanization" of the conquered territories in the east. This included both the settlement of "ethnic Germans" in these areas and the resettlement of the resident, non-German population, as well as the establishment of concentration camps in the conquered areas and the mass murder of European Jews. In 1943 he was appointed Minister of the Interior by Hitler and in 1944, after the failed assassination attempt on July 20, he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Replacement Army and Chief of Army Armaments. In the final phase of World War II, Himmler mobilized the last reserves of the German Empire with the Volkssturm. When the defeat became clear, he tried to downplay his complicity in the Holocaust by diverting transports of Jews to safe foreign countries towards the end of the war. On April 23, 1945, he commenced surrender negotiations with the Allies, but was expelled from the party by Hitler on April 29 and relieved of all offices. Shortly after his arrest by the British, he committed suicide on May 23, 1945 in order to evade punishment at the Nuremberg war crimes trials.
Author: Editorial staff The future needs memories
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