What is a script about
Screenplay film lexicon
What is a script? What does script mean? What does script mean?
A script gives a detailed description of the film. Actions and dialogues of the characters are given and what can still be seen and heard in the individual scenes. Optionally, information can also be given as to how the camera should capture what is happening. It's a kind of concept that communicates to everyone involved on the set when and where to do which tasks and, so to speak, guides them.
A script is divided into scenes, with a jump in time or a change in the setting mean a change of scene. In addition to the heading, each scene is also provided with location and time information. This is followed by a description of the characters, required props, noises and dialogues.
Explanatory video on script:
How do you write a script?
A script serves as a template for a film. It describes the story in pictures and includes the characters, equipment, light and weather conditions, noises, interior and exterior motifs. It describes what the camera sees.
The author has to be able to formulate in a few sentences what his story is about, then he can begin.
First he writes an exposé, which is a short summary of the idea for the script. The synopsis is usually two pages long and does not contain any dialogues or precise descriptions of the scenes. It has a cover sheet. This includes the title of the story, author, headline, a summary of the story and a brief summary. The headline describes the entire plot in one sentence. The summary of the story consists of four sentences. What happens first What happens after that? How does the story end? What is this story about? Important people should not be named either, but should be described by their role in the story. In the short content, the main plot is described in 800-1000 letters. Flashbacks are written in the past tense. The characters are described in two short sentences, the character, but also how they look and what clothes they wear.
The script should be written in short, clear sentences and in the present tense. It must also contain instructions for the actor, the director and the other staff involved in the production of the film.
First you write the rough version, then comes the process in which changes are made to the story and finally the fine-tuning comes. From the outset, you should be clear about what scripts focus on - above all, the visual, the visible. Dialogues are short and sweet. Scripts must contain dialogues, descriptions of scenes, notes for the director and comments on mood and atmosphere. In addition, they should always be 100 to 120 pages long if the film is two hours long. This is a guideline. If the author doesn't do it, they're either too short or too long.
Scene headings are also important. They describe the scenes, e.g. GARDEN, OUTSIDE, DAY, i.e. location, time of day, etc.
Immediately afterwards, the instructions come as briefly as possible. Then the dialogue follows, it is divided into two parts. First comes the name of the person speaking in capital letters. Then it is described in which tone of voice she speaks, e.g. anxious or excited, and then comes the content of the statement, i.e. what she says.
The script always moves towards the resolution of the story; it needs structure, otherwise it has no plot and becomes boring. The structure is the connection that holds everything together. The dramaturgy is therefore important. A cleverly structured script has an arc of tension that holds the whole plot together and pulls the viewer of the film under its spell.
When writing a script, it is definitely important to have a schedule. If you stick to this, you will quickly reach your goal. It is important to just sit down and get started. Even if you only write one paragraph to start with. Self-motivation also plays a big role.
To start a script, the first thing you need is a topic - is it a love story, an action, adventure or horror story?
Then you come up with the plot and consider who the main character is. The story should begin at the most important moment in the main character's life. You also have to structure your idea. Beginning, end, first plot point, second plot point. The plot point is a surprising turn or a surprising event in the course of an action. That means something happens in the story that the reader and the protagonist would not have expected.
Then you create biographies of the characters.
A script consists of three acts. The first act is setup.
In the second act there is a confrontation and in the third act the story is finally resolved.
In the first act, an event happens that steers the action in a certain direction. Then follows the second act, which extends from the first plot point to the second plot point.
In this block the Main character faced with conflicts and obstacles. Last but not least, the last act extends from the second plot point to the end. The point of the plot point is to move the story forward. So the story begins with a very important moment in the main character's life. Life is definitely not made easy for the character. You have to make it impossible for her to achieve her goal. Every story needs a conflict, both psychological and emotional, and it needs bad guys or inner demons. These can be epidemics, suddenly appearing strangers, but also your own children, your wife or neighbor. They strike when you least expect it. Or it is the ghosts of the past that suddenly overtake their character after many years.
There are mostly four types of characters in each story.
Characters are the focal point of every script. The whole story depends on them. You should always have the upper hand and control the plot and it becomes a living script. The main character shouldn't be a hero from the start, he wants to achieve something specific, he also needs a passion and weaknesses, only then does he become human. There should be no place for clichés in the script.
Every story needs a villain to lead the plot into disaster. He thwarts the main character's intentions and plans. A script always needs conflict to move forward. So the villain has to be developed just as carefully as the main character. There can also be the main character's best friend. This can, for example, explain the background of a story or it can turn out that he is the villain in the end. There can also be a lover who has to die sometimes to stimulate the drama in the story.
Now comes the second step: the structure of the first act. This consists of 30 pages and is an introduction to the story, so it must be made clear.
On the first ten pages it should be made clear: Who is the main character? What is the story about? What is the dramatic constellation? What is the opening scene like and where does it take place? What is the main character doing? Where is she?
You only have ten pages available. Therefore, they should be clearly laid out:
The second ten pages need to focus entirely on the main character and the dramatic intent. She has to take action and appear in every scene and make decisions. In the third ten pages comes the first plot point. This is described in detail. The second act is a dramatic unit of action. It is 60 pages long and is determined by a confrontation. The second act consists of two halves. A dramatic action takes place in these blocks. In between is the central point, a confrontation. The second plot point comes in the second half. What is the context that holds everything together? Once the dramatic contexts have been established for each half, one can plan the plot line. The context holds the events and the content of the story together. The second act is about the main character having to overcome obstacles that prevent them from reaching their goal. It shouldn't be over-written. The central point is also present in the second act. It takes place halfway through the act. Then comes the second plot point at the end of the act. In the third act, the whole story is resolved. Before you begin you have to find the key scene that ties it all together.
All in all, there are a lot of topics for an interesting script. You can find them in everyday life, in the neighborhood, among friends or in the family. Stories you can identify with.
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