What is Lord Kalki waiting for

The holy cow: (In the Vedic age, approx. 1500 BC, the Aryans coming from the northwest settled on the Indian subcontinent. The cow was of great value to the Aryans and was kept as the only livestock. It supplied the people with meat , Milk, cheese and yogurt, the skin has been made into equipment and clothing.
Because of its great importance in daily life, the cow has been revered over time. Ancient Indian gurus and sages also worshiped the cow. For this reason the cow is still worshiped today, for strict Hinduists it is even sacred.
In mythology, the cow owes its holiness to the god Krishna. After his birth, Krishna was placed in the care of a shepherd family to protect against threatened murder and spent a lot of time with the animals as a shepherd boy. He grew up with the shepherd family, the milkmaids (gopis) and the cows and was fed by them. This gave the cow the status of a mother to be adored.

Hindu gods are also represented by a specific mount (Vahana) symbolizes.

The 333 most important gods and mythological figures from A-Z

Abarimon People whose feet are turned back. Even so, they could run so fast that no one could match them

Abrahamu "Cloud knitter", female primal elephant, supernatural being, winged, can change its shape and shape

Ad-Bisheshar Lord of the world in prehistoric times according to Hindu mythology

Adi demon

Aditi Mother of gods; "Mother Earth", Goddess of the Day and Divine Mother, "Mother Space", "The Limitless", "The Unbound", Heavenly Deity. Aditi is a primeval goddess who has existed since ancient times. She embodies infinity, continuous creation and the cosmos , She stands for the divine in itself. Aditi embodies the infinite nature of all being. Daughter of Daksha. Aditi is the mother of the Adityas, the other Vedic gods.

Adityas Vedic group of gods, original gods, Vedic gods, "sons of infinite consciousness", born of the divine mother Aditi. You belong to the devas. Their names are: Arjaman, Indra, Agni, Savitar, Mitra, Surya, Martanda and Varuna. At first there were the 8 adityas mentioned, later their number was fixed at 12, whereby some were also exchanged. The group of 12 contains: Ansa, Indra, Mitra, Surya, Savitri, Arjaman, Varuna, Yama, Bhaga, Daksha, Dhatri, Ravi. The 12 zodiac signs and the 12 months are assigned to the 12 gods. They are considered to be guardians of the heavenly stars.

Agastya Protector of Rama

Aghora Shiva's manifestation - without fear or frightening

Aghora Rudra terrible and fiercest figure of Shiva. This form of appearance reflects the emergence of Shiva from the old Vedic god Rudra. In the Vedas, Rudra is a god who can spread fear and terror, who can send natural disasters and diseases. He is a good archer, but his arrows bring sickness and death to those who are hit. At the same time, Rudra is the god of remedies, so that here, too, his dual nature is already sketched out. Rudra still marks the angry, destructive aspect of Shiva. As Aghora Rudra, Shiva is the end time bringer and world destroyer. Rudraksha pearls (tears of Rudra or tears of Shiva) are worn by Shiva followers and yogis as aksamalas (malas or rosaries) around the neck or wrist

Agni "Fire". God of fire. Ancient Vedic God born of the divine mother Aditi. One of the 12 Adityas. Agni rules over the power of fire, the spark of life, the fire of the sun and the sap in plants. He is present even in dry branches, just waiting for the friction to ignite his fire. All light comes from Agni, every inspiration is fiery, all life is burning. Agni has destructive aspects such as burning, but also aspects of life, such as the warmth or the light that fire gives people, or symbolically the spark of life. Agni denotes the god and the physical phenomenon of fire and is seen as a divine power that has on the one hand a heavenly (hidden) and on the other hand an earthly (obvious) existence. It abstractly symbolizes the divine will or willpower in humanity. He is considered a wise man and the Vedas ascribe a certain intellectuality to him. Furthermore, Agni is the god of prosperity, wealth and material treasures. Another function of Agni is that of a messenger (duta) from the gods. On the one hand he was the mouth of the gods, on the other hand people entrusted him with their offerings. As the god of fire, he passed the gifts thrown into the sacrificial fire on to the recipients among the other gods. As a mediator between gods and humans, he carries the prayers of those who sacrifice as a messenger to heaven. When the call rings out at the beginning of the sacrifice, Agni seeks the gods and brings them the invitation of the people. He brings the offerings to the gods and the wishes of the sacrificing people to be heard. His wife is Svaha. Pictorial representation with 2 faces, 3 legs and 7 arms. 3 tongues come out of one mouth and 4 ray-shaped tongues from the other mouth. In his hands he holds a kind of ax, a bundle of firewood or a flag with a picture of a ram. Its color is red. His mount is a ram.
Its importance is no longer so great in later Hinduism. Image worship was added and marginalized the cult of the fire sacrifice. With this, his task of forwarding the sacrificial donations and wishes of the people to the addressees among the gods was increasingly lost. Agni was also no longer responsible for wealth and material prosperity. Lakshmi took over the responsibility for "Wealth". Shiva, Brahmanaspati and Dattatreya took over the area of ​​"wisdom". He guards the southeastern direction.

Ahalya Woman Indra once had an affair with. As punishment, she was turned to stone by her husband, a curse that was only resolved by Rama, who convinced the husband to forgive her.

Ahi one of the forms of the snake god, also equated with the snake demon Vritra

Airavata Elephant, emerged during the whirling of the Milky Ocean (creation of the world) and serves as a mount for the god Indra.

Acupara The turtle on whose back the earth rests

Amba "Mother", mother goddess, she is honored with morning sacrifices by black goats.

Ambika "Mother", a name of the goddess Kali (wife of high god Shiva), personification of Parvati. It is of extraordinary beauty and lures demons to their deaths.

Ammavaru Mother goddess who existed from the beginning. She laid the egg from which the divine trinity, Trimurti, Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu hatched.

Amrita Water of life, elixir of life, immortality potion. Came to the fore as the gods and demons whirled the ocean of milk together.

Anala One of the eight vasus who serve Indra

Ananta A cosmic snake in the ocean of milk. Vishnu rests on it between the phases of the world. The snake represents the primordial ocean into which nature withdraws when the world is once again dissolved (pralaya). The serpent is the rest, what was left of the previous world. It has 5, 7 or 11 heads and arches them with the spread skin of a cobra as a protective shield over the sleeping Vishnu. When Vishnu awakens and decides the creation of a new world, a lotus sprouts from his navel in which Brahma is enthroned.

Anantesa One of the eight Vidyesvaras

Andhaka A demon

Anila One of the eight vasus who serve Indra

Angirases Beings who mediate between humans and gods

Annamurti A form of Vishnu

Annapurna Goddess of food. Avatar of Durga.

Ansa less significant sun god, guardian of a zodiac sign and a month.

Ansuman Son of Sagara and his elder wife

Anumati Moon goddess. Is revered as a giver of prosperity, happiness, children, enlightenment.

Anuradha Goddess of fortune and luck. Daughter of Daksha, wife of Chandra.

Apa One of the eight vasus who serve Indra

Apalala Water snake, water dragon from the source of the Swat River, which was brought to faith by Buddha.

Apam Napat God of fresh water

Apsama Dwarf demon, representing ignorance, was kicked to the ground by Shiva as Nataraja and destroyed. For more details see under Nataraja (a manifestation of Shiva).

Apsaras heavenly dancers of immortal beauty and youth. They live in streams, rivers and lakes. They are wives of the Gandharven. In Indra's heaven they take part in performances as dancers and actresses.

Aranyana a goddess of the woodland

Ardhanarisvara Shiva with half male and half female form. Compound deity, formed from the male and the female aspect of Shiva, i.e. from Shiva and Parvati, with three arms in some depictions. The left side is the female and embodies his wife Parvati, the right as usual Shiva. Corresponds to the need of Shaktism to worship male and female principles in interaction. This manifestation emphasizes the perception of the world as a structure of a bipolar nature. Everything exists as a pair of opposites, characterized by two opposing properties or natures. The principle of opposition is represented here through the masculine (Purusha) and feminine (Prakriti) aspect - Shiva and his Shakti Parvati.

Ardra Goddess of misfortune and bad luck.

Arjaman Vedic god born of the divine mother Aditi. One of the 12 Adityas. The father is Kashyapa. Aryaman embodies the cohesion and the particularity of the relationships within the clans, such as the laws that regulate the reception of human and divine guests. He is a personification of hospitality and appears in the Rig Veda as the founder of the marriage covenant. His attributes are a club, two lotuses and a prayer wheel.

Arjuna One of the five Pandavas, taught by Krishna, the shining hero of the Mahabharata. Son of Kunti, whom she begat with the god Indra and brought into marriage with Pandu. Married to Draupadi - like his four other brothers.

Aruna God of the dawn, charioteer of the sun god Surya. Son of Kasyapa and Vinata.

Arundhati an astral goddess

Ashta Dikpalas Gods who watch over the eight cardinal points. Partly once powerful Vedic gods, now "degraded". These include: Indra (O), Agni (SO), Yama (S), Nirrith (SW), Varuna (W), Kubera (N), Esana (NE)

Ashvins Old Vedic gods, twins of twilight, as gods of dawn and dusk, they bring the night as a time of rest and relaxation and then take care of the dawn, in which the energy rises again. They are divine doctors. They are kind to people and save people in storms and drive darkness so that people can see and kill the evil demons of their ego. They became immortal by drinking soma juice. Children of Saranyu and Martanda (Vedic god, born of the divine mother Aditi, one of the 12 Adityas). Not as important today as in Vedic times. Horse gods.

Aslesa a goddess of misfortune and bad luck.

Aspama Ignorant dwarf. According to legend, some unbelieving Rishis tried to destroy Shiva with magical chants. Shiva recognized the imminent danger and began to dance, which neutralized the negative forces of the Rishis. The Rishis got angry and created the ignorant dwarf Aspama, who pounced on Shiva. The evil dwarf got under one of the dancing Shiva's feet during his first attempt at attack, which broke his spine. The destruction of the dwarf Aspama stands for the liberation of the world from ignorance and ignorance. The fire arch surrounding Shiva in most depictions as Nataraja symbolizes the original syllable of the creation Om or Aum.

Astamatara

A group of mother goddesses in Puranic Hinduism.

Astomi

Mythical people of India who do not need to eat or drink like ordinary mortals, because they feed on the scent of flowers.

Asu

the breath of Prajapati from which he created the asuras, gods, humans and animals

Asuras Very old family of gods with Varuna (Vedic god, born of the divine mother Aditi, one of the 12 Adityas) at the head, was ousted by the Devas. The divine powers are divided into two classes, the radiant (devas) and the mighty (asuras), in which the energizing and sometimes dangerous aspect is concentrated. The Asuras are made from Asu, the breath of Prajapati. Later they became demons, or better said: the opposition of the devas. In particular, they are the opponents of the Suras. Once they were given the gifts of truth and lies, from which they discarded the truth and kept the lie. It is the other way around with the Suras. The Asuras were eventually defeated by the Suras. The defeated Asuras embody the “powers of the night”.
The Asuras come from a very old pantheon that was eventually supplanted by the other Vedic gods. But there are overlaps, as in the example of Varuna, who is at the same time an important Vedic god and leader of the Asuras. Mitra also belongs to both groups.

Asvayajau

a goddess of fortune and luck

Atharvan

One of the rishis

Aticandika

Hindu form of the goddess Durga. See Durga.

Atman

immortal soul of the universe, life principle

Atri

Son of Brahma, sage, singer.

Avatar “Descending” - divine embodiments, especially embodiments of the high god Vishnu. Avatars are like messengers that the gods send to humans on earth. There are 10 of them in total, 9 of which have appeared so far (Matsya, Kurma, Eber, Mensch-Löwe, Vamana, Paraschurama, Rama, Krishna, Buddha), the tenth, Kalki, not yet. The most significant avatars are Rama (solar dynasty) and Krishna (lunar dynasty). The integration of Buddhism into the Hindu worldview is also interesting.

Ayyappan

Hindu god of growth, especially in Kerala. Was born of Shiva in Mohini (form Vishnus).

Baju

God of the wind (see Vayu.)

Bala

Hindu mother goddess

Balakrsna

The child form of Krishna

Balaram son of the Devaki. Elder brother of Krishna. Another legend tells that Balarama arose from a white hair of Vishnu. Vishnu's black hair, drawn in the same way, gave Krishna. Correspondingly, Balarama's skin color is white, Krishna's dark. Belongs to the Nagas

Bali a demon, king of the Daityas, son of Vairochan, brother of Sugriva. Once he ruled heaven and earth. Bali was the grandson of the Vishnu-believing demon Prahlada. This rule depressed the mother of the gods Aditi, who saw no more opportunities for her own children in a world ruled by demons. But then the world was freed from him, the savior of equilibrium was Vishnu in the form of the Avatara Vamana (the dwarf). Vishnu promised the mother god Aditi that he would be born as her own son. But this one became a dwarf. When the demon Bali was just making a horse sacrifice, the incarnated Vishnu appeared before him in the form of the dwarf, dressed like a ceremonial Brahmin. When asked about his request, he asked Bali for as much land as he could reach in three steps. No sooner was the request granted than the god resumed his great form. With the first step he spanned the earth, with the second the sky, with the third step he stepped the demons Bali into the underworld (patala). Since then, Bali has ruled the underworld, and the world and heaven are freed from demon rule.

Balin

Monkey King of Kishkindhya, son of Indra, slain by Rama.

Banka-Mundi

A goddess of hunting

Basusena

Also called Karna, son of the Kunti (= Pritha), begotten with the sun god. Grows up with adoptive parents (Adhiratha and Radha).

Bhadra

Hindu goddess, servant of Shiva.

Bhaeani

Mother of all things

Bhagirath Vedic god of wealth, one of the Adityas, patron god of marriage. Was blinded by Virabhadra. He is the keeper of the spring month of March. Identical to the ancient Persian deity Baga.

Bhagirath

Grandson of Ansuman

Bhagiratha semi-divine sage, meditated for around a thousand years at a time when the earth was still dry and uninhabitable. Shiva granted the wise man his wish for the birth of the heavenly river Ganga, so that the earth would become fertile and productive.

Bharadwaja

One of the rishis. In the end he became immortal.

Bharani

A goddess of misfortune. Daughter of Daksha

Bharata

Half-brother of Rama (avatar of the high god Vishnu). Founder of the Bharatas clan, son of Dushyanta and Shakuntala

Bharat Mata

Relatively new mother goddess

Bhawani

Mother of all things, one of the aspects of Parvati.

Bhima Prince of the Pandu family, one of the five Pandavas, hero of the Mahabharata. Son of Kuntis, whom she fathered with the wind god Vayu and brought into her marriage to Pandu.The name means "the terrible". Married to Draupadi - like his four brothers. Ghatotkacha comes from his marriage to Hidimba.

Bhrigu (Bhrigus) means "radiant, shining, sparkling". Demigods born of flames who found fire and brought it to man. As gods of air and storms, they mediate between gods and humans.

Bhumidevi

a fertility goddess, second wife of Vishnu (or his avatar Krishna). Mother of Naraka.

Bhumiya

Fertility god. He was later seen as a form of Vishnu.

Bhut, Bhutas

Group of evil spirits.

Bhutamata

Demon goddess, a form of Parvati.

Bhuvanesvari

One of the ten Mahavidyas

Bibingshati

one of the 100 sons of the mythological king Dhritarashtras, nephew of Pandu and Vidura. From the Kauravas clan (Mahabharata)

Brahma Hindu high god. Forms the Trimurti, the trinity of the Indian high gods, together with Shiva and Vishnu. Brahma is the creator god, the world creator, the principle of creation in the cosmos. Brahma is the creative tool of the eternal Brahman, his tool for creation. Brahma is considered the first god in Hinduism, the first living being on earth, and is seen as the creator. He is the leader of the fate of the worlds, teacher of the gods, ruler of the world and lord of the gods. In this way he stands above all other gods, but does not take part in their actions. Brahma is the original poet of ritual chants. He is the patron of the 64 arts and crafts. He has the ability to see into the future. He lives in Brahmaloka, his own heaven and place for warriors who have fallen in battle. Of the triad Brahma - Shiva - Vishnu, the three great gods of Hinduism, Brahma is today considered to be the least significant, there are hardly any temples dedicated to him in India, his veneration in India is low, he is most likely still venerated as a revelator of the Veda.
Brahma is married to Saraswati. She is his faithful wife and his Shakti. In addition, Brahma has a second wife, the goddess Gayatri. Brahma came to this woman when his real wife was not present but a wife had to come to perform a certain ritual. So Brahma quickly married Gayatri. Brahma has many children, but he did not father them with his wives. As a creator god, it is much easier for him to have his offspring emerge directly from his body parts. Brahma is the father of Kamadewa and Daksha.
Brahma is a mature, bearded man of red, yellow, or gold body color. Asceticism is not his thing, in the images he appears well-fed. He is represented with four heads looking in all four directions. That is why he is also known as Caturmukha - the four-faced man. Mostly he is also represented with four arms, which then often hold the four Vedas Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda, the holy scriptures of Hinduism. If the four hands do not hold this, then Kamandalu (water vessel), Aksamala or Mala (rosary), Pustaka (Veda book) and Sruk (sacrificial spoon). What is in which hand is not fixed, sometimes one hand remains free and forms a mudra (gesture), the so-called abhaya mudra (gesture of encouragement) or the varada mudra (wish fulfillment gesture). He wears the brahmin cord (Yajnopavita), jewelry and a large garland of flowers around his neck. A gazelle skin can be placed over the left shoulder. Brahma sometimes bears the Shivaitic sign (three horizontal lines) or the Vishnuitic sign (3 vertical lines or a tongue-shaped symbol with a vertical center line) on his forehead. His mount is a white goose named Hamsa. It is a symbol of purity and discernment.
As the progenitor of beings, Brahma is the successor of Vedic Prajapati. Brahma arises from the world soul, the source of all being, the Brahman. As a disembodied and unqualified Absolute, Brahman cannot itself be creative. Brahma was born to give expression and shape to the desire of the world soul for creation. As a creator god, he was able to create himself. According to other reports, it emerged from an original egg: Brahma himself formed the water in which he placed his seed, from which a golden egg developed, from which Brahma himself was born (Hiranyagarbha = the golden embryo) . After spending 1000 years in the egg, Brahma broke the shell in half with the power of his mind. The halves of the egg became heaven and earth. Only later did a new history of creation come into circulation among the Vishnuits, which diminished the merit of Brahma: After the last end of the world, Vishnu rested on the serpent Ananta. When the pause between the world existences was over, a lotus plant emerged from Vishnu's navel, in whose flower crown Brahma sat in order to become the forefather of all beings. Vishnu was raised to the rank of primordial god, Brahma was downgraded. The Shivaites also tried to belittle Brahma: he once had five heads, but Shiva cut off his fifth head. Jealousies and rivalries between high gods that are not to be taken seriously.
An alternative name for Brahma is "Svayambhu" - "the one who arose from himself". Another is “Nabhija” - “the one born of the navel”.

Brahman Absolutum, All-Soul, the Absolute Being, the comprehensive All-One, represented by the Om or Aum sound. Highest spiritual principle. Also known as the atman. Some Hindus see Brahman as an impersonal divine principle or the source of all existence, the supra-personal source of the universe, which is gender-neutral, incorporeal and without properties.

Brahmanaspati god of prayers. It used to play a bigger role in Vedic times than it does today. He is the lord of the sacrificial fire and master of the word of creation; his grace gives religious rites the desired success. Brihaspati manifested through a huge light. On pictorial representations, Brihaspati holds a book and a mala. The priest among the gods.

Brami

God of eloquence

Brhaspati

Lord of Prayers

Brahmani

Hindu mother goddess

Brahmi

see Saraswati, goddess of eloquence

Buddha the Awakened, the Enlightened One - one of the ten avatars of the high god Vishnu. Fought against the decline of religion, taught Raja-Yoga (meditation). Around 500 BC Here the completely non-Vishnuitic Gautama Buddha is nominally subordinated to the god Vishnu by declaring him to be a "Vishnu avatar". Conversely, there is a similar situation with the Mahayana Buddhists. There the avatar Rama was unceremoniously declared a "Bodhisattva" and thus integrated into the belief system.

Buddhi

Wife of Ganesha

Budhi Pallien

Forest deity in northern India, roams the forests in the shape of a tiger

Chaitany god of beggars. Originally an ascetic and social reformer of the 16th century, later deified, is regarded as an avatar of Vishnu (outside of the 10 classic avatars)

Chama

God of young love

Chamunda

A form of Durga derived from the names of the two demons Chanda and Munda. Durga killed them both.

Chanda

Aspect of Durga. One of the nine Navadurgas. Once a demon that Durga killed in her form Chamunda.

Chandika

Goddess of desire, of desire

Chandogra

Form of Durga. One of the nine Navadurgas.

Chandra Original Indian god of the moon. Later he merged with the moon god Soma. It is white in color. He drives across the sky in the moon chariot, pulled by 10 white horses. Chandra was also a fertility god. He was implored when he wanted to have children. Chandra is also the god of the dew that lies on the plants in the early morning.

Chandrasekhara

A form of Shiva.

Chaturmurti

A form of Vishnu

Chaya

Hindu deity, "shadow". Mother of Sani

Chinamastaka

Deity of terrible appearance. She is depicted with her head in hand. A form of Durga. One of the ten Mahavidyas.

Chitra

A goddess of misfortune. Daughter of Daksha

Chitrangada

From the Kauravas clan (Mahabharata)

Chitragupta

Judge of virtues and vices, of good and bad deeds, sends people to heaven or hell.

Daityas

Giants of early mythology, demons, sons of the Diti

Daksha is an ancient pre-Vedic god. In Vedic and post-Vedic times he went through many different forms. The information about Daksha is correspondingly heterogeneous. In the most ancient times one of the lords of creation, an Adityas, a son of the Aditi. He was first considered the son of Prajapati. Later he became one of the Rishis, later he is regarded as the son of Brahma, who was born from the right thumb of the creator god Brahma. With his consort Prasuti, Daksha has many daughters who married gods. 27 of his daughters became houses of the moon. They were married to the moon god Soma. Soma preferred the Rohini. Daksha was very angry that the moon god Soma was neglecting his other daughters, and he cursed Soma with a curse that slowly drained him. Only at the request of the women of Soma did Daksha change his curse, so that from then on Soma was only periodically affected by the emaciation and could then grow again. This explains the phases of the moon. Another famous son-in-law of Daksha is Shiva, who married Daksha's daughter Sati against Daksha's will. When he insulted Shiva by not inviting him to a party, Sati took his own life out of shame, and the angry Shiva tore off Daksha's head. After Shiva had calmed down again, he put a goat's head on Daksha again, because the old head could no longer be found.

Dakshinamutri Shiva, the world teacher. Shiva embodies self-knowledge (Jnana). As the god of all students, scholars and seekers of wisdom and knowledge, he is the model of a perfect guru

Danu

a goddess of primeval water, her son is Vritra

Dasaratha

King and father of Rama

Dattatrey literally: "the threefold gifted"), an embodiment of the "threefold" (Trimurti), Dattatreya unites the aspects of Brahma (creation), Vishnu (preservation) and Shiva (destruction). His symbolic companions are the four Vedas, represented as four hunting dogs. Dattatreya is not an administrative or controlling god, but one of 24 avatars who appear in the course of a world period to set an example for people. His companion animals are dogs and cows. In places where the god Dattatreya is worshiped, the animals mentioned are protected and treated with special respect. Throwing stones to keep dogs away is also forbidden in these places. The god is the speaker of the book Avadhuta Gita. Dattatreya is depicted as a three-headed male figure in saffron-yellow ascetic robes.

Deva

General expression for a divine being

Devak

Guardian deity in Bombay and in the Deccan. Has its origins in ancestral cult, so sometimes people with the same devak cannot marry.

Devaki divine mother, "the godlike", wife of the mythical king Vasudeva. Mother of Krishna and Balarama, his half-brother. Granddaughter of Hiranykasipu, cousin of Kansa.

Devapi

A hermit from the Kauravas (Mahabharata) clan

Devas a younger generation of gods, in contrast to the older Asuras. At the head of the devas is the rain god Indra. The divine powers are divided into two classes, the shining ones (devas) and the mighty ones (asuras). Although the Devas and Asuras originally formed two allied, harmoniously cohabiting groups, the Asuras were soon regarded as the enemies of the Devas; they become real demons and embody the “powers of the night”.

Devasena

Goddess, one of the wives of Skanda

Devi Divine mother, mother goddess, universal goddess, the principle of a female goddess par excellence. The name means "goddess". Many - especially in rural folk beliefs - see the female dimension of the divine (Devi) as the source of all life and worship God as a goddess (devi) in the first place. Devi means that which divine energy is in manifestation (see the page on Shaktism). Devi is the power with which Brahma creates, with which Vishnu receives and with which Shiva destroys. Devi embodies the highest consciousness that appears in its maternal aspect. She has the universe in her lap. From the 6th century AD, the devotion of the Devi as a principle of the feminine-divine takes on an important role, the cult around numerous individual or locally widespread goddesses is bundled in that they are now all viewed as manifestations of the one goddess . Devi has many names and manifestations, such as Parvati, Kali, Durga. Devi is the goddess of nature, she brings the rain and she protects against diseases. As the mother of life, Devi is mild and loving in character. As the mother of death, however, she is terrible to look at, with 8 arms, in one of which a sword. In her right hand she holds joy and pain, in her left hand she holds life and death. Lakshmi is considered to be the incarnation of Devi.

Dhanistha

a goddess of adversity, a malevolent Nakshatra. Daughter of Daksha. Wife of Chandra.

Dhanvantari god of medicine. In earlier times, in Vedic times, he was more important; originally he was a sun god. Ambrosia bearer. In later Hinduism, he was regarded as the avatar of Vishnu.

Dhara

One of the 8 Vasu deities who serve Indra

Dharani insignificant goddess, an avatar of the goddess Lakshmi, wife of Parasurama. In order to stay close to her husband Vishnu in his incarnations as Avatar, Lakshmi took on the shape of his respective partner.

Dharma "custom, virtue, duty, right, law" - divine law. As God, the personification of divine law. Originally, Dharma was a creator god. Sometimes he is seen as the son of Brahma, sometimes as the avatar of Vishnu.

Dhatar

Once a sun god, is considered one of the Adityas.

Dhatri

one of the later Adityas, guardian of a month

Dhritarashtras mythological king, from the Mahabharata. Father of the Kauravas, brother of Pandu and Vidura. Father of 100 sons, including Duryodhana and Duhsasana.erity.

Dhisana

Vedic goddess of prosperity.

Dhumravati

Demonic goddess

Dhurjati

God, manifestation of Shiva.

Diti goddess of the night, daughter of Daksha, mother of Daityas. Wife of Kashyapa. While Aditi is considered the goddess of heaven, Diti is the goddess of the earth. Both come from non-Aryan sources from pre-Vedic times. Their children - the asuras (non-gods) - are not part of the official Vedic pantheon.

Djaus

(Dyaus) less significant Vedic god of heaven, heavenly father, father of all beings, father of the Ushas. His counterpart was Prthivi, the earth goddess. Both together were called Dyavaprthivi. Father Indras. Depicted as a reddish bull, its snort is thunder. Another depiction shows him as a black battle horse with pearls as a representation of the night, with the pearls standing for the stars. The Greek god Chronos roughly corresponds to the god Djaus. He was killed by his own son, Indra. Indra grabbed his foot and pulled his father out of heaven by it, whereupon Djaus fell to his death.

Draupadi

Wife of the Pandavas from the Mahabharata. Polyandry with 5 men! Daughter of Drupada, king of Panchala.

Drona

A machinist from the Mahabharata, married to Kripi, father of Aswathama.

Drug

Vedic variety of demons

Drupada

From the Panchalas clan, father of the Draupadi (wife of the 5 Pandavas), the Shikhandi and the Dhristadymna. (Mahabharata)

Duhsasana one of the 100 sons of the mythological king Dhritarashtras, nephew of Pandu and Vidura. From the Kauravas (Mahabharata) clan. Father of the Mahabahu

Dund

In popular belief, a mind without a head, without hands and feet. At night he rides around and calls people in their homes. Whoever answers is dead or goes crazy.

Durg

a demon killed by Gauri.

Durga Parvati, Uma, Durga and Kali are the names for four different aspects of the same goddess. She is Shiva's wife or Shakti. In a solemn ceremony she was married to him with Brahma himself as a priest. She is the mother of the elephant god Ganesha and Skanda (Karttikeja) as well as Viraka. Parvati himself is the daughter of the Himalayas (Himavan, Himavats) and the mountain nymph Mena (Menga), who herself is descended from the world mountain Meru. Parvati has a sister, Ganga. Parvati can take on many manifestations, while those as Parvati and Uma are the gentle, gracious and peaceful ones, those as Durga (Durgha) and Kali are the terrible and avenging ones, whereby Kali is a few degrees more terrible than Durga, which is the more moderate form of the angry Goddess is. She appears as Durga and Kali to fight evil.
As a fierce, terrible, avenging goddess Durga or Kali, Parvati appears to fight evil. Durga is still regarded as the more moderate form, Kali as the more terrifying form of the goddess. Durga is "the invincible" who competes against the evil in the world.She is kind, gracious, and gracious to those who are devoted to her. In the world it has the task of destroying demons that tyrannize or oppress gods and people. In a figurative sense, it helps to destroy our inner negative forces and weaknesses that harm us. Believers turn to Durga to destroy their own earthly drives and to develop their highest selves.
As Durga she rides a tiger, she has the shape of a yellow woman. The number of arms can be 6, 8 or even 10. Your mount is a lion or a tiger. Since she is Shiva's wife, she is also allowed to use his attributes: trident, sword, bow, snake. Sometimes she is also shown with a club, conch shell and discus, which actually belong to Vishnu. Vishnu obviously lent her his weapons there in order to cope better with the buffalo demon Mahisha (Mahisa, Mahishasura, Mahishasura, Mahisa = buffalo, Asura = demon). This demon could not be killed by men or animals after Brahma had granted him the favor of being defeatable only by a woman. Mahisasura arrogantly terrorized the world and prevented people from making sacrifices to the gods. Durga-Kali equipped himself with the weapons of Shiva and Vishnu and set out on her riding lion to kill the demons. It was only on the tenth day of the fight that Durga was able to cut off the head of the buffalo demon. However, since he was a demon, he still lived on, in human form, whereupon Durga thrust Shiva's trident into his chest in order to wipe out the demons completely. In Bengal the festival called Durgapuja is celebrated annually to commemorate the victory over the buffalo demon (September / October). On the tenth day, young buffaloes are sacrificed in honor of the Durga-Kali by cutting their heads with a sword. And that was not the only heroic deed of Durga: with great ease she killed other powerful demons such as Shumbha, Raktajiva or Nishumba.

Durmarshana

one of the 100 sons of the mythological king Dhritarashtras, nephew of Pandu and Vidura. From the Kauravas clan (Mahabharata)

Duryodhana one of the 100 sons of the mythological king Dhritarashtras, nephew of Pandu and Vidura. From the Kauravas (Mahabharata) clan. Elder and leader of the Kauravas, the "villains" from the Mahabharata. Father of the Lakshmana.

Dushyanta

Husband of Shakuntala, father of Bharata, the founder of the Bharata clan from the Mahabharata.

Duskarna

one of the 100 sons of the mythological king Dhritarashtras, nephew of Pandu and Vidura. From the Kauravas clan (Mahabharata)

Dyavaprthivi embodiment of the entire cosmos, heaven and earth. Composed of Dyaus / Djaus Pita and Phrthivi. Djaus was an old god of heaven. His counterpart was Prthivi, the earth goddess. Both together were called Dyavaprthivi. Both together ensured order in the universe. Or seen the other way around: Once they were together, then Varuna split them into separate deities.

Emusha

Cosmic boar

Ganas

Serving spirits of the high god Shiva and deities subordinate to him, led by the elephant god Ganesha, the "lord of the multitudes".

Gandhari

Wife of the mythological king Dhritarashtras (Mahabharata). Sister of Shakuni. Daughter of Subala

Gandharven All male, half human, half animal, e.g. B. People with bird legs or human in front, horse or similar demigods of procreation and fertility, spouses of the Apsaras, live like these in rivers and other waters, according to other sources they animate the air, forests and mountains. They are ruled by their King Vishvavasu. Gandharves are servants of the devas. Gandharven and Apsaras belong to the court of the rain god Indra. While the Apsaras are responsible for the dance, the Gandharven are the heavenly singers.

Ganescha elephant god, god of luck, god of intelligence, wisdom and traders. As the epitome of wisdom, Ganesha is therefore the god of pupils and students. God of success, success and overcoming obstacles. And he can easily push away obstacles with his thick elephant forehead. This makes it extremely popular with business people. As a dispeller of obstacles and as a bringer of happiness, Ganesha is one of the most popular and popular gods of Hinduism. Before larger projects such as building a house, traveling, examining, doing business, etc. one agrees it favorably. He is also thought of at weddings so that the marriage is a success. Ganesha is known for being kind and smart and also for being fond of eating and nibbling. He is the son of Parvati-Durga and Shiva. Strictly speaking, however, one only has to regard him as the son of Parvati, who formed him out of clay (according to other sources from the scab of her body as well as ointments and oils) and Ganges water in human form when Shiva meditated for a long time in order to have a door guard for her bathroom .
Historically, Ganesha is the youngest important god in the Hindu pantheon (since the 5th century).
As a short, stocky man with a big, fat bulbous belly (the belly symbolizes that Ganesha can consume and absorb all experiences), yellow skin, an elephant head with one tooth and two or more often four arms (these four arms represent the four aspects of the subtle body: mind, intellect, ego and consciousness). He is sitting with one leg crossed over the other. In his hands he usually holds a shell, a chakra (discus), a water lily or a lotus (about the lotus see separate article) and a stick, as is used to propel elephants. Other depictions show him with a broken tusk in his hand, with a stylized noose (with this Ganesha pulls the seeker out of his worldly problems), an ax (symbolizes the destruction of all desires and ties), a fruit or a rice dumpling (symbolizes a) Ganesha Gluttony and b) the rewards of spiritual quest). In Ganesha's vicinity there is tasty food that was offered as an offering. However, the attributes are less important for its recognition, because the typical elephant head immediately catches the eye. The eyes are small but penetrating, they can examine the tiniest detail of any object, moreover they have the inner vision of being able to see the Spirit of God in everything and everyone.
Mount: a rat. The rat often wears an aksamala (rosary) in its snout. The rat (akhu) is a symbol that there is so much divine energy in every animal, no matter how small, that it can even carry an elephant. Rats therefore enjoy a very special protection from his followers. In a figurative sense, the rat also stands for egoism and worldly desires and thus indirectly for the cause of our suffering. Riding the rat symbolizes the control that stands for the use of the body, the sensations and the drives to achieve the limitless truth and perfection.
Where did the elephant head come from? Ganesha used to have a human head. When Ganesha Shiva refused entry to Parvati's rooms, he cut off his head in a fit of jealous anger. Parvati then pleaded with Shiva to save her son. Shiva promised to replace the severed head with the head of the first being who passed by. Well, the first thing to do was an elephant, hence the elephant head! Through this resuscitation measure, Ganesha also became the son of Shiva. And if you don't believe this story, another one might help: When the proud mother introduced the magnificent boy to other gods, Uncle Sani also looked at the child, whereupon the head of his nephew Ganesha flew away. Brahma comforted the mother and promised to transplant the head of the first being brought by Vishnu's mount Garuda, and so it was done as mentioned above. Another story tells the following: The demons dared to put obstacles in the way of the gods. Devi looked into Shiva's face and smiled. From the beam of her smile emerged a deity with an elephant face. Devi used this deity to remove obstacles to stop the demons. No matter how it happened now: An elephant's head on a human body represents the highest wisdom. The elephant's head can also be interpreted symbolically: the thick forehead pushes obstacles aside. The trunk represents the power of distinction that arises from wisdom, because an elephant's trunk has the ability to exert coarser (lifting tree trunks) as well as very fine (plucking fine leaves) force. God grasps the coarse and the fine, the realm of matter and that of the spirit, and above all the wisdom to distinguish the two from one another. Ganesha's large ears and head indicate wisdom acquired through Sravana (hearing) and Manana (thinking).
The name Ganesha means "Lord of the multitudes", "Lord (Isha) of multiplicity (Ganah)", "Ganah-Isha". Ganesha's middle name is Ganapati. The name "Vighnantaka" means "The Lord who removes obstacles". Also "Vighnesvara", "Destroyer of Obstacles" or Vinayaka. Other names of Ganesha are: Ekadanta, "the one with the one tusk", Varada "the benefactor" or Sidhhita "the one who gives success at work".

Ganga Personification of the river Ganges with the rank of goddess, one of the wives of Shiva. Daughter of Himavata, sister of the Uma-Parvati. Has the power to wash believers of sin. The semi-divine sage Bhagiratha meditated for around a thousand years at a time when the earth was still dry and uninhabitable. Shiva granted the wise man his wish for the birth of the heavenly river Ganga, so that the earth would become fertile and productive. Shiva tamed and dampened the tremendous force of the falling water through his piled up hair. From there the Ganges flows gently from the Himalayas down into the plains of India and gives people, animals and plants their livelihood. Since then, the river goddess Ganga, who is also worshiped as mother Ganga, has stood for prosperity, redemption, health and abundance. Ganga is considered to be the archetype of all rivers in India, since according to mythology all other rivers descend from Ganga, for example the holy river Yamuna, a tributary of the Ganges. In addition, Ganga promises hope for the next life and a rebirth near the gods. For this reason there are many important pilgrimage sites and holy cities along the Ganges. The ashes of the deceased are preferably scattered in the Ganges. Ganga is portrayed as a beautiful woman with a fish body instead of legs. She uses the water monster Makara as a mount.

Garuda bird man, half human, half eagle, mount of the high god Vishnu. King of the birds. Literally means "snake killer", enemy of snakes or nagas. Son of Vinata (daughter of Daksha) and the sage Kasyapa. It hatched from an egg that Vinata had laid. His sons are called Jatayu and Sampati. His brother is Sagara. Garuda has the head, wings, claws and beak of an eagle, but also the body and legs of a human. It has a white face, red wings, and a gold-colored body. Garuda hates all evil and is an enemy of all snakes. Garuda is one of the three animal-shaped deities of the post-Vedic period, the other two are Hanuman and Ganesha.

Gauri form of the Devi. Kind-hearted mother goddess. She is represented with a spoon and a bowl full of rice. Wife of the Mahadewa. After her fight with Durg, which she defeated, she changed her name to "Durga".

Gajasura (Gajasura Samharamurti :) annihilator of the elephant demon. Brahmins gathered around Shiva's lingam symbol were once disturbed in their devotions by a freaky elephant. The lingam split and Shiva stepped out and killed the elephant demon. The victorious Shiva stands on the dead elephant demon. In his eight hands he holds the peeled skin of the demon, trident, hourglass drum, gada (club), ankusa (spiked stick for driving elephants), danta (tusk of an elephant), kapala (begging bowl). The attributes can vary depending on the representation. One of the many manifestations of Shiva as a destroyer (Samharamurti)

Gayatri Brahma's second wife, next to his main wife Saraswati. Brahma came to this woman when his real wife was not present but a wife had to come to perform a certain ritual. So Brahma quickly married Gayatri. Gayatri has five heads, 10 arms, the attributes of Vishnu. She is sitting on a lotus. Their faces are portrayed with a kind expression. Gayatri is the personification of a hymn from the Vedas to the sun.

Girisha

Appearance of Shiva

Gomata

"Cow mother", the divine mother of the cows

Gopala

A shepherd boy in Gokula, in truth the hidden Krishna.

Hamsa

A white goose, the mount of the high god Brahma

Hanuman monkey god, leader or army leader of the monkey bands in Ramayana, ally of Rama in the liberation of Sita from the hands of Ravana, provided with magical powers. Son of Vayu and a monkey. Vayu gave him the strength for hurricanes and the ability to fly. In addition, Hanuman can take any shape imaginable. One day Hanuman met Rama and his brother Lakshman while searching for Rama's wife Sita, who had been kidnapped by the demon Ravana. Hanuman gathered an army of monkeys to find and rescue Sita. They found the hiding place on the island of Lanka (Sri Lanka). The monkey god took the form of a normal monkey to sneak into Ravana's palace, where he found Sita, guarded by demons. Sita did not want to be saved by Hanuman, even when he showed her Rama’s ring to prove his mission, because Rama's honor would be injured if he did not save his wife himself. As a result, Hanuman and his army destroyed the city walls and Ravana's palace and killed many of his guards. The demon king Ravana then lit the monkey god's tail. Hanuman took on a gigantic figure and set fire to the whole city with his tail. Then Hanuman got Rama, who freed his wife from Lanka. Back in the homeland of Rama, the followers of Hanuman wanted to start their journey home, only the monkey god himself decided to stay with Rama as a token of loyalty. Because of his great devotion (bhakti), Hanuman is revered by the bhakti movement as a master of the magic powers (siddha). Because of the sanctity of Hanuman, the monkeys living in the temples consecrated to the monkey god have absolute freedom from fools and are fed by pilgrims.

Hara

An aspect of the high god Shiva. "The Grabber".

Hari

An aspect of the high god Vishnu. See Vishnu.

Harihara Indian double deity - the two gods Shiva (Hara, "the seizer") and Vishnu (Hari) together. Is intended to express the mutual dependence of the two. Harihara was created in the 9th century. His left side bears the attributes Vishnus - disc and conch shell, the right side represents Shiva with a gesture of encouragement and a trident. On the left he wears the jewelry and clothes of Vishnu, on the right the ascetic costume of Shiva. Trying to merge the two gods was a nice idea, but it couldn't prevent Vishnuism and Shaivism from coexisting to this day.

Hayagriva

A demon who stole the Vedas that poured out of Brahma's mouth. But because the Vedas were life-sustaining, the world was destroyed. This demon was eventually slain by Vishnu

Himalayas

Father of the Parvati-Durga

Himavats

Lord of the mountains, highest mountain in the Himalayas, father of Uma / Parvati / Durga / Kali

Hiranyaksha demon, an asura who once disrupted the world. Vishnu put this back in order in the form of a turtle, his avatar. The Asuras Hiranyakasipu and his twin Hiranyaksa had subjected the earth to brutal tyranny after Brahma had assured them that no one would be their equal in battle. That went to the twin demons' heads. At some point the terror on earth that they organized was no longer enough for them, but Hiranyaksa appeared in heaven with club in hand and challenged the gods to a duel, who however kept themselves hidden. Thereupon the demon jumped into the sea, met Varuna there and challenged him. He replied cleverly that only Vishnu could take him on. Vishnu meanwhile had assumed the form of a wild boar. The boar first saved the world on his tusks from the world of the deep to a safe place, then there was a terrible duel between the two. Finally Brahma whispered to the boar how to defeat the demon. The boar then hit the demon with the front legs at the base of the ears, the demon collapsed, the world was saved once again.

Hiranykasipu An asura. Has been endowed with universal power by the gods. After that the world had to be saved again by Vishnu in the form of a man lion (Avatar). The twin brother of the demon Hiranyaksa, who was killed by the wild boar, Hiranyakasipu, now wanted to become master of the world. Through asceticism and self-mortification he collected magical energy (tapas).Brahma then granted him the following wishes: No creature in creation could kill him, death would overtake him neither by a person nor by an animal, neither inside nor outside the house, neither by day nor by night. When the demon believed himself so powerful that he no longer wanted to acknowledge any other Lord of the Welr, he was "ripe": the entrance pillar of his house split, and Vishnu stepped out in the form of a male lion: lion head, lion paws, human abdomen. The demon was torn to pieces - on the threshold of the house between inside and outside, at dusk between day and night, by a being between human and animal. The man-lion saved the world from a demonic ruler who no longer wanted to acknowledge the rule of the gods. Grandfather of the Devaki.

Indra supreme Vedic god, sovereign and omnipotent, main deity in the Rigveda, hero of the Vedas, king of the gods (devas), god of war, storm and thunder, lord of the sky, rain and associated with it the god of fertility. He gathers in himself all vital and creative energies. He is the liberator of the cattle who stole and kidnapped the enemies of the nomads of the early Vedic period, the demons. According to belief, Indra fought and drove away the demons of the drought after ingesting the juice Soma with his thunderbolt Vajra or Vajrayudha (lightning) and roar of war (thunder). The subsequent rain was a sign of victory. Indra is at the head of the later generation of Vedic gods, the Devas. He was a defender of gods and men against the forces of evil. The other gods also gladly asked for his help when there was a fight to be carried out. Indra led the nomadic Aryans to victory over the natives in the new land. Indra was the god of natural elements such as rain, lightning and thunder in the Vedic age. According to legend, the Asura Vritra stole the world's water in the form of a mighty dragon. Indra first defeated its 99 fortresses, then Vritra, the dragon, himself. When Indra slashed the demon, rain fell from the sky again. Indra has many titles such as Sakra ("the mighty one"), Vajri ("the thunderer"), Purandara ("the city destroyer"), Meghavahana ("the cloud rider"), and Svargapati ("the lord of heaven"). Born of the divine mother Aditi and son of Kashjapa or of the sky god Dyaus Pita and the earth goddess Prthivi. Husband of the Salshi or the Indrani. His sons are Arjuna, Jayanta, Midhusa, Rbhus, Rsabha and Sitragupta. Indra's mount is the elephant Airavata. Alternatively, Indra drives across the sky in a wagon driven by his friend Matali (drawn by (ten) thousand horses) (note the analogy to a sun god). Indra, is fast - the speed of his vehicle is beyond thought. It symbolizes mental power and represents enlightened thinking. His weapon is Vajra (the terrible one), lightning and thunder that he holds in his hands. In combat, however, he also uses a bow and a club as weapons. Indra is depicted with a reddish complexion and with two or four long arms. Svarga is Indra's heaven, in the clouds that surround the summit of the world mountain Meru. At Indra's command, this sky could move anywhere it wanted to go. In Svarga there is a huge hall for the warriors who fell in battle. Indra and his wife Indrani ruled this warrior paradise, Apsaras danced while the Gandharven made the music. According to another representation, Indra's residence is on the mountain Mandara: The city of Amarvati contains his palace surrounded by Nandana. His servants are the 180 Maruts, gods of the wild winds. The Kshattria warrior caste worshiped Indra as a god of war. In Brahmanic times, Indra lost prestige and power. The god is pretentious and likes to hear himself talk, he is very sociable, he never refuses a hearty drinking session with soma.

Janaka

Royal father Sitas.

Jatayu

Garuda's son, brother of Sampati. Both brothers helped Rama fight Ravana in Ramayana.

Jyestha

Goddess of Adversity

Kadru

Daughter of Daksha, married to Kasyapa, mother of a thousand many-headed giant snakes

Kali Parvati, Uma, Durga and Kali are the names for four different aspects of the same goddess. She is Shiva's wife or Shakti. She is the mother of the elephant god Ganesha and Skanda (Karttikeja) as well as Viraka. Parvati himself is the daughter of the Himalayas (Himavan, Himavats) and the mountain nymph Mene (Menga), who herself is descended from the world mountain Meru. Parvati has a sister, Ganga. Parvati can take on many manifestations, while those as Parvati and Uma are the gentle, gracious and peaceful ones, those as Durga (Durgha) and Kali are the terrible and avenging ones, whereby Kali is a few degrees more terrible than Durga, which is the more moderate form of the angry Goddess is. She appears as Durga and Kali to fight evil.
"The dark one", "the terrible one", "the black one", the "mistress of time". The word Kali comes from the word "kaala" which means both black and time. Kali embodies time and nature. Horrible, violent and terrifying aspect of the goddess. Bloodthirsty goddess of destruction. Goddess of death and at the same time protective goddess, conqueror of demons. On the outside it is death and destruction, but inside it is loving and caring. She appears to her most sincere followers in a most loving and protective form. To the onlookers, Kali's anger appears frightening and destructive, but to the beloved admirer it brings freedom and protection from his own destructive self. When one worships Kali with love, her drastic aspect ceases to instill fear. She is at home on stakes and cremation sites. Accordingly, Kali is also accompanied by animals that live in cremation areas: wolf (Vrka), jackal (Srgala) or dog (Svan). Kali is also the smallpox goddess, Sitala, "the cold one".
As Kali, she is shown in black with a skull chain and a skirt made from severed hands. She wears snakes or a garland of skulls around her neck (51 human skulls represent the 51 letters of the Sanskrit alphabet), and in her hand she often holds cut-off human heads. Kali is represented with a terrifying face, large, protruding fangs (the bright white teeth symbolize sattwa, purity), an outstretched tongue (meaning rajas, the active principle in nature) and a third eye on the forehead. Your three eyes see the past, the present and the future. In Bengal in particular, her representations are a grimace mask with protruding red eyes, an oversized, broad face of dark color, with a sticking out tongue and bared tusks as teeth. As Kali, the goddess has 4 arms. One hand shows a mudra, the gesture of encouragement (abhayamudra, driving away fear and promoting spiritual strength). The other hands hold a stylized trident, a noose formed from a snake, both of which are symbols of Shiva, as well as a bowl that can be interpreted as both an alms bowl and a blood bowl. Or she is depicted with a sword (churi, sacrificial sword, with which she severed the bond of bondage) and a severed demon head (rakshasamunda) or a human head (indicates the destruction of the ego of her followers). Kali is also depicted with a flame aureole around her head. Kali is associated with the left-turning swastika.

Kaliya black snake, lived in the river Yamuna (Kalindi). Kaliya's poison killed every living thing on the riverbank. The snake also poisoned the drinking water. With the intention of getting rid of Kaliya, Krishna jumped into the river. Angry, the poisonous Kaliya Krishna bit repeatedly and writhed around his body. For a time Krishna lay motionless. All the Gopas (cowherd women and men) and Krishna's parents sat on the river bank with sorrow. Krishna freed himself from his entanglement and playfully tossed the serpent in a circle. Holding his head, he began to dance on top of her. The snake's eyes and nose got blood and it hissed in anger. Littered with pressure injuries from Krishna's weight and eventually broken, Kaliya surrendered. The women of the serpent prayed to Krishna to release her husband and save her. Hearing their prayers, Krishna released the serpent and ordered it to leave the river immediately and go into the sea. The river became sweet as nectar again. The head of the snake symbolizes the human ego. When God dances over the ego, the person loses the sense of individuality and enters the infinite. The snake Kaliya has five heads that represent the five human senses. Only when man gets his five senses under control and surrenders himself to God, he becomes free.

Kalki / Kalkin

an avatar of Vishnu, the tenth, fights against demons and evil people. This avatar has not yet appeared and in the future, when at the end of the Kaliyuga age the praises of the gods fall silent and Vedic mantras can no longer be heard, when the members of the castes disbelieve, when the servant caste provides the kings. Kalkin will be born in Sambhala and will be born into a Brahmin family. He is armed with a ski guitar and rides a white horse. He has four arms. One hand shows a mudra, the exposition gesture (Vitarkamudra). In the three other hands Kalkin holds the skimitar sword, the Vishnu attribute of the conch shell, and the discus or wheel. He will exterminate the evil and reward the good, settle the accounts of karma. He is an apocalytic avatar and will end the present age and go to sleep on the waters. He will bring forth Brahma again who will inaugurate a new world. Then a new krtayuga will dawn.

Kama / Kamadewa

Sun and love god. Born of high god Brahma and Maya, husband of the Rati. His mount is a parrot or a sparrow.

Kamalaksha

Son of a demon. His brother is called Tarakaksha.

Kamsa king of demons, son of Ugrasena and sister of Devaki, king and tyrant of Mathura, uncle of Sri Krishna on his mother's side, imprisoned Krishna's parents, Krishna was removed from his power through an exchange. Kamsa was always plotting to kill Krishna, fearing that Krishna would fulfill a prophecy and kill him. Kamsa did not escape his prophecy.

Kartikeja god of war, general of the army of gods (Devasenapati) in the fight against demons. He destroyed many demons, including Taraka.
Born of Durga and high god Shiva. Brother Ganesha. Strictly speaking, Kartikeja is only Shiva's son: When having sex with Parvati, there was coitus interruptus, Shiva let his semen run into the fire. The fire could not keep it and passed it on to the goddess Ganga. She didn't want the seed either. In disregard of all biological rules, the seed had already become an embryo, which the river goddess deposited between the reeds on the Udaya mountain, where Skanda was born. He was nourished by the 6 star nymphs (Pleiades). Despite the special circumstances of his birth, Skanda is accepted as a son by Parvati.
He is sometimes depicted with 6 heads, the number of which are reminiscent of the 6 star nymphs, 2, 4, 6 or 12 arms. His mount is a peacock (Mayura).
Kartikeja is also called Skanda. Skanda means "the jump fighter", Kartkeja is derived from the 6 Krttika star nymphs (Pleiades). In South India he is also called Subrahmanya, the "Brahmin friend". Another name is "Kumara", the young man.

Kashjapa

"black-toothed" - name of a saint of the 10 Rishis

Kasumamodini

Mountain goddess

Kasyapa divine seer and lord of the North Star, father of Garuda, father of Aruna and 1000 many-headed giant snakes. He was married to Vinata and Kadru.

Kauravas

The family of villains from the Mahabharata, personification of evil (Duryodhanas), opponents of the Pandavas, 100 sons of Dhritarashtra.

Krishna "The Black One". Eighth and most popular incarnation of Vishnu (Avatar), divine hero and warrior in the fight against Kamsa and the Kauravas, deity of the Bhagavadgita, teacher of the Mahabharata hero Arjuna. Around 1500 BC Chr. Son of Vasudeva and Devaki, but raised by Yashoda. Immediately after his birth he was given to a family of cowherd men (Nanda and Yasoda) (to be exact: exchanged for the girl who had just been born there) in order to hide him from the evil King Kamsa, who had vowed to kill him . He grew up as a cowherd, which is also reflected in many pictorial representations. There are many Krishna ideas; B. Krishna as the blue-skinned, flute-playing shepherd god, as a "wanton" boy, as a stately youth, Krishna as the supreme lord of the universe, Krishna as the god of the herd of cows or - the most important embodiment - as a war hero, cousin and companion of the Pandawas in their fight against the Kauravas in the Mahabharata. Husband of the Rukmini. There are an infinite number of heroic stories about Krishna that would go beyond the scope of this article.

Kubera

God of wealth and prosperity

Kunti wife of Pandu, the progenitor of the Pandava, mother of three of the five Pandavas: Yudhisthira, Bhima, Arjuna, as well as of Basusena = Karna, who grew up with adoptive parents (Adhiratha and Radha). All four children were conceived before the marriage with Pandu, Basusena with the sun god, Yudhisthira with Yama, Bhima with the wind god Vayu, Arjuna with the rain god Indra.

Kurma an avatar of Vishnu in the shape of a turtle. Once upon a time the gods lost their youth due to a curse. They became wrinkled and had gray hair. Vishnu knew what to do: Only the drink Amrata (deathlessness) could help, but it was very difficult to obtain because it had to be obtained from the ocean of milk. The gods would not make it alone, so a truce was agreed with the demons (Asuras), and together they whirled the ocean of milk. How do you whisk an ocean? Mount Mandara was used as a handle, and Vasuki as a staff. But the mountain was unsupported and sagged downward. Vishnu then assumed the shape of a turtle, dived into the ocean of milk, and took Mount Mandara on her back while the gods stirred the sea and obtained the elixir of life. A total of 13 treasures came to light in the course of the whirling, including the goddess Sri Lakshmi, the Ayurveda doctor Dhanvantari with the elixir of life in his hand, etc. In this way, the turtle saves the complicated extraction of the elixir, which ensures the continued existence of the gods and thus the world .

Kuru

Founder of the Kauravas clan, son of Somavarma and Tapati, great-grandson of Bharata. Father of Pratipa. Great grandfather of Bhisma.

Lakshmana

Half brother of Rama

Lakshmi goddess of happiness and beauty, she is the power that sustains creation. With a "golden hand" she blesses all followers with prosperity if they sincerely revere her. There is more to wealth than just material wealth. These include moral and ethical values, the nobler aspects of life, mental power and intellectual strength. As the goddess of luck and prosperity, she is the goddess of good business for Indian merchants.
She is the wife of the high god Vishnu. Vishnu has all the wealth that he manifests through Lakshmi, the goddess of prosperity, his Shakti.
Sitting on a lotus flower (or standing) with red lotus flowers in her hands, which means that she is anchored in the Supreme Reality. It reminds people of their ultimate goal. She has a total of two and four hands, two of which are holding lotus blossoms. If she has four arms, she gives the blessing with the remaining two, either in the wish-granting gesture (varadamudra) or in the promise-of-protection gesture (abhaya mudra). Lakshmi usually wears a chest band, in contrast to the often similarly depicted Parvati, who does not have a chest band. Money and wealth sometimes rain from their hands. A special depiction is that of Gajalakshmi: to the right and left of her are two elephants who are pouring water from spherical vases over the goddess with their trunks. Water means fertility and life and is the prerequisite for happiness and prosperity. This representation is often depicted above the door beam of Indian houses and expresses the desire for happiness, fertility and abundance in this property.
Their formation came to light when the Milky Ocean was swirling. Demons and gods once churned up the ocean of milk together to gain the elixir of life. They used a mountain for the handle of the cane and a snake for the rope. Through the whirling, they joined forces to pull various treasures from the hidden depths of the Milky Ocean, including the elixir of life. The goddess Lakshmi also rose from the ocean; she was wearing a garland. She then married the high god Vishnu. The ocean symbolizes the pure spirit of the seeker. The act of churning cleanses man's inherent tendencies. If the seeker is one with the highest reality through his spiritual endeavors, he also gains spiritual and worldly riches.And the by-product of this process is the truth represented by Lakshmi.
Lakshmi's Avatar: Lakshmi is a faithful wife to her husband. When he as avatara has to save the world again, she is also at his side as embodiment, she accompanies the dwarf as Padma, the Rama with the ax as Dharani, Rama from the Ramayana as his wife Sita, and Krishna accompanies her in Form of the girl Radha.
Lakshmi is also known as "Sri", "the beautiful", as "Jaladhija", "the one born of the ocean". The name "Gajalakshmi" denotes a certain representation of elephants pouring water, "Dipalakshmi" is a Lakshmi representation in a serving pose with an oil lamp.

Lingam phallic symbol, symbol of Shiva. Most important cult image of the Shivaites. Stands for the creative power of God. A lingam forms the holy of holies in every Shiva temple. Usually it is a smooth stone pillar on a stepped base that can be shaped into a female genital (yoni). There are many legends about the origin of the lingam as a symbol, e. B. this: Shiva meditated in the Himalayas, emaciated and emaciated from sheer asceticism. Some Rishis, whose wives Shiva seduced, cut off Shiva's limb in anger, whereupon the earth fell into darkness and the lingam grew to such immeasurable size that it threatened to divide the world. Only then did the Rishis recognize God Shiva and had to undertake to worship him forever in the form of the lingam. Another legend assumes a quarrel between the three most powerful gods Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva over supremacy. The one who works the greatest miracle should be recognized as the most powerful god. Suddenly a cosmic giant phallus of fire appeared, which was so large that Vishnu and Brahma could not reach the beginning and the end on their mounts. The pillar of fire opened and Shiva stepped out. The two other gods had to recognize him as the most powerful god after this show of power.

Lokapala

Vedic protective powers of the four cardinal points

Madri Second wife of Pandu, the progenitor of the Pandavas. Madri is the mother of two of the five Pandavas, the twins Nakula and Sahadeva. They were conceived with the heavenly twins, Ashvin, not Pandu.

Mahabahu

Son of Duhsasana, grandson of the mythological king Dhritarashtras. From the Kauravas (Mahabharata) clan.

Mahadevi

What is meant is Parvati, wife of Shiva

Mahayogin The great ascetic. Shiva is the lord of yoga and yogis, often depicted in deep meditation - immersed in the joy of bliss. Hacked, his body smeared with white ash, he crouches in the caves of the Himalayas, living in asceticism (tapas vita), lost in meditation. The hands hold a rosary (Aksamala) or are placed on top of each other in the Dhyana Mudra (meditation gesture). As a mahayogin, Shiva is a static god.

Mahisha

Buffalo-shaped death demon, personification of death, demon of death, prince of hell. Was defeated by Durga / Kali. After the Mahabharata, however, it was Skanda who defeated Mahisha.

Maitreya

The Buddha of the future.

Maja

Goddess of deception, mother of illusion, her son is Kamadewa. See Krishna legend

Makara

Sea monster, used as a mount by gods, especially Varuna

Makaras

Earth demons

Manasa

Goddess of snakes, snake goddess, daughter of Kasyapa and Kadru, sister of the snake king. Protector goddess for snake bites.

Mangala

Star deity, responsible for Mars

Manu one of the creator gods and at the same time the first human, born of Surya and Saranyu. Ancestor of the human race. Created the caste laws. Presumed author of the influential manus law book, the Mana-dharma-shastra

Martanda "The Firebird". He is an Adityas and also an aspect of Surya, he is stillborn, from him the sun star emerged. His sons are the Ashvins and Revanta.

Marut's low gods of the wild winds, wild and irrepressible storm gods, in Vedic times sons of Rudra, companions of Indra, they accompany Indra into battle and serve him at court. Their number is stated contradictingly, sometimes it is 2, sometimes 27, sometimes 60 and sometimes 180 in number. Your character is aggressive and wild. They drive the clouds across the sky, they cut trees and cause damage. Their origins are told in the Ramayana. Her mother is the goddess Diti. Regarding the birth of the Marutas, it is reported that Indra drove his thunderbolt into the lap of the pregnant Ditis, whereupon the fetus was shattered into many pieces. Far from being destroyed, these fragments gave rise to the many marutas.

Maruti

A name common in Maharashtra for Hanuman

Matali

The charioteer of the rain god Indra and his friend

Matarisvan

Vedic messenger of the gods

Matsya an avatara of Vishnu in the shape of a horned fish. After the destruction by Hayagriva, this horned fish save the world. Hayagriva was a demon who stole the Vedas that poured out of Brahma's mouth. But because the Vedas were life-sustaining, the world was destroyed. Matsya fought against the Flood - he appeared to King Satyavrata (or Manu) and his family. As a tiny fish it could be caught and grew immensely, so that it had to be constantly moved into larger vessels. He warned the Satyavrata that in 7 days the earth, air space and sky would perish in the ocean of dissolution, that he should board a boat with seven wise men and all kinds of plants, seeds, etc. So it happened. Satyavrata was able to tie the boat to the horn of the horned fish, as rope he used the serpent king Vasuki. The big fish pulled the boat to the Himalayas, which was still sticking out of the water. When the water sank, only the occupants of the boat survived. Satyavratu-Manu became the forefather of a new human race, and from the seeds and plants a new nature sprouted. This legend has analogies to the biblical flood, and like Noah, Satyavrata escaped the floods with an ark occupied by the animals of the earth and the birds of the air.

Menakas

heavenly courtesan from the Mahabharata

Menga

Daughter of the holy world mountain Meru, mountain nymph, mother of Parvati, wife of the Himalayas or Himavan or Himavats, mother of Ganga

Miter old Vedic god. An aditya. Light god. Sun god. Also God of friendship and contract. In Roman times also known in Europe under the name Mithras. Twin brother Varunas, many similarities in jurisdiction. But he was of a friendlier disposition than his brother and had a good connection with people and mediated between them and the gods. Much more powerful in pre-Vedic times, then more and more the rank of other gods was overtaken

Mohini

female incarnation of Vishnu

Nabhija

see Brahma. "The one born from the navel (Vishnus)"

Nagas serpent people, half human, half serpent, bearers of fertility. They live in the underground city of Bogavati. Their king is Sesha. Nagas bring rain and thus fertility, but also floods and floods. Protective deities of springs, wells and waters.

Nakula

One of the five Pandavas, the "good guys" of the Mahabharata. Son of Madri, whom she fathered with the heavenly twin pair Ashvin and brought into her marriage to Pandu. Draupadi's husband, like his four brothers

Nanda

Kansa's cowherd. Husband of Yashoda.

Nandi

A bull, mount of the high god Shiva

Nara

an incarnation of the high god Vishnu.

Narada

Son of Brahma, a Brahmarshi (highest rank of wise man)

Narasinha man lion, Avatar Vishnus. Saved the world after it was unbalanced by the rule of Asura Hiranyakashipu. The twin brother of the demon Hiranyaksa, who was killed by the wild boar, Hiranyakasipu, wanted to become master of the world. Through asceticism and self-mortification he collected magical energy (tapas). Brahma then granted him the following wishes: No creature in creation could kill him, death would overtake him neither by a person nor by an animal, neither inside nor outside the house, neither by day nor by night. When the demon believed himself so powerful that he no longer wanted to acknowledge any other Lord of the Welr, he was "ripe": the entrance pillar of his house split, and Vishnu stepped out in the form of a male lion: lion head, lion paws, human abdomen. The demon was torn to pieces - on the threshold of the house between inside and outside, at dusk between day and night, by a being between human and animal. The man-lion saved the world from a demonic ruler who no longer wanted to acknowledge the rule of the gods.

Narayana

Creator god of the earth

Nataraja Shiva, the king of the dance. Dancing Shiva. Shiva stands above all gods in the art of dance, he is the master of all 108 forms of dance. Shiva dances every evening to alleviate the sufferings of creatures and to entertain the gods who gather on Kailash Mountain. Shiva is shown standing with four hands and two legs in a dance position, surrounded by a flame ring, an hourglass drum (Damaru, represents the rhythm and tone of the dance and creation) in the upper right hand and fire (Pralayagni, symbolizes fire, that destroys the world at the end of time, holding Shiva as world destroyer) in his upper left hand. The lower right hand is in the position of the "Abhaya Mudra" (gesture of granting protection, sign of fearlessness). The lower left hand points to the raised left foot. Flying braids suggest wild dance moves. A crescent moon and the goddess Ganga are depicted in his hair. According to legend, some unbelieving Rishis tried to destroy Shiva with magical chants. Shiva recognized the imminent danger and began to dance, which neutralized the negative forces of the Rishis. The Rishis got angry and created the ignorant dwarf Aspama (also Apasmara Purusha), who pounced on Shiva. The evil dwarf got under one of the dancing Shiva's feet during his first attempt at attack, which broke his spine. The destruction of the dwarf Aspama stands for the liberation of the world from ignorance and ignorance. The evil demon on which Shiva's right foot stands symbolizes the ignorance that makes us lose our balance and awareness. The fire arch surrounding Shiva in most depictions as Nataraja symbolizes the original syllable of the creation Om or Aum. Shiva's dance of joy (Anandatandava) symbolizes an incessant process of creation, maintenance and destruction.

Nilakantha Shiva is also called Nilakantha ("blue neck") because he drank the poison that threatened to destroy the world when the gods and demons whirled the ocean of milk to obtain the elixir of life. The poison stayed in Shiva's throat, saving the outside world and Shiva himself. But the poison stained his throat blue.

Nirriti

Vedic goddess of destruction. Married to Nirrta who is also a destroyer.

In order to stay close to her husband Vishnu in his incarnations as Avatar, Padma Lakshmi assumed the shape of his respective partner. Lakshmi was the padma of the dwarf Vamana.

Panchanana

The one with the five faces. This representation of Shiva combines five qualities of Shiva in one: Isana (ruler), Tatpurusa (highest of men), Aghora (without fear or frightening), Vamadeva (deity of the left hand) and Sadyojata (the suddenly born)

Pandavas The “good guys” of the Mahabharata, the five sons of Pandu. Their names are Arjuna, Yudisthira, Bhima, Nakula and Sahadeva. All five Pandavas have Draupadi as a wife. The five brothers are cousins ​​of Krishna. In the Mahabharata they fight the Kauravas

Pandu father of the five Pandavas and brother of Dhritarashtra. The 5 sons were not conceived by him, but by gods: Yudhisthira, Bhima, Arjuna and Basusena = Karna, who grew up with adoptive parents (Adhiratha and Radha), are children of Kunti, conceived before marriage, Basusena with the sun god, Yudhisthira with Yama, Bhima with the wind god Vayu, Arjuna with the rain god Indra. The twins Nakula and Sahadeva were fathered by Pandu's second wife Madri with the heavenly twins Ashvin

Parashurama an avatar of Vishnu. Parashu-Rama or Parasurama fought against the rule of the Kshatriyas (warrior caste). The Brahmins were the guardians of spirituality and mediators between humans and gods. The second caste, the Kshattriyas, were the warrior caste who had political and military power in the country. King Kartavirya-Arjuna tormented the brahmin and hermit Jamadagni. Parasurama, Vishnu's incarnation as the youngest son of the hermit, avenged the misdeeds of the Kshattriya king. He slew all the soldiers with the ax and also the king himself and, after the later murder of the hermit, also the sons of the king who had committed the crime. History shows that in spite of this, the world is not helplessly at the mercy of the warrior caste.

Parvati Parvati, Uma, Durga and Kali are the names for four different aspects of the same goddess. She is Shiva's wife or Shakti. In a solemn ceremony she was married to him with Brahma himself as a priest. She is the mother of the elephant god Ganesha and Skanda (Karttikeja) as well as Viraka. Parvati himself is the daughter of the Himalayas (Himavan, Himavats) and the mountain nymph Mene (Menga), who herself is descended from the world mountain Meru. Parvati has a sister, Ganga. Parvati can take on many manifestations, while those as Parvati and Uma are the gentle, gracious and peaceful ones, those as Durga (Durgha) and Kali are the terrible and avenging ones, whereby Kali is a few degrees more terrible than Durga, which is the more moderate form of the angry Goddess is. She appears as Durga and Kali to fight evil.
Parvati is the world mother, the graceful, gentle and benevolent goddess and divine mother. She is the master of life and death, can give life, but also destroy. She is the Shakti of the high god Shiva - Shiva can do nothing without her, because in Shaktism she is the feminine-dynamic and active counterpart to him. The name "Parvati" means "daughter of the mountains" and reflects her ancestry. Parvati is also the rebirth of Sati.
Presentation: sitting or standing, holding a lotus bud in the right hand. In plastic sculptures, the fingers of the right hand are often closed in a ring so that the believers can give their fresh lotus. Lakshmi is portrayed in the same position, but Lakshmi can be recognized by a chest band, which Parvati is missing. Parvati is dark-skinned. Your mount is a lion.

Pavanai

Wind god also called Vayu, father of the monkey god Hanuman

Pradyumna

Son of Krishna and Rukmini. Kidnapped by the demon Sambara.

Prajapati "Lord of beings", world creator, primeval creator god of male form. In Vedic times, the deity Prajapati is considered the origin and supreme lord of all beings. He is thought of as the first being. He is the lord of all creatures as well as the father of gods, demons and all other creatures. Pronouncing the syllable "Bhuh" he brought out the earth, with the syllable "Bhuvah" he created the air and singing "Svah" he created the sky. From his breath Asu he first created the Asuras and Suras, then the people and animals of the earth. The Suras became the "good guys", the Asuras the "mighty ones", who went in opposition to the Devas and were finally defeated by the Suras / Devas, whereupon the Asuras became demons. In the beginning the gods sacrificed themselves to himself, from this sacrifice came the moon, sun, gods, heaven, earth and the cardinal points. From his own body he created the world. His mouth became the priestly caste, the Brahmins, his arms became the warrior caste, the Kshatriyas, his legs became the caste of farmers and merchants, the Vesiyas, and his feet became the working caste, the Sudras. Another variant of the story of creation tells that a bull emerged from his breath, a person from his soul, a horse from his eyes, a sheep out of his ears and a goat out of his voice.
Brahma is a further development of Prajapati in later Hinduism. What is new is that he is now solely responsible for creation. In Vedic times many gods still shared the power of creation, Prajapati was only the first being. In contrast, several gods had power to create. It is different now. Brahma is solely responsible for the creation of the world. Brahma recreates the world over and over again when it is destroyed; His representation is now that of a four-headed, four-armed god sitting on a large, white lotus, the stem of which rises from Vishnu's navel. In his hands he holds a palm leaf manuscript, the symbol of the Vedas. A white hamsa (brahmin goose) is Brahma's mount. His wife is Sarasvati. Sarasvati is a mixture of the Vedic river goddess Vak and a river goddess, she is responsible for the fine arts and learning. Brahma is one of the great climbers of the post-Vedic period, having made it to one of the three high gods and part of the Trimurti.

Pratipa

Son of Kuru from the Kauravas clan, grandfather of Bhisma

Preta

a hungry and thirsty spirit

Prisni

Mrs. Rudras in Vedic times, mother of the Maruts, goddess of the earth and darkness

Prithiri

the earth, mother of all beings

Pururava