What is the language of Groenland
Infoservice from the world between two languages for our customers
Bilingual Danish-Greenlandic sign with no parking for all vehicles
- Language code (ISO 639-1): kl
- Language of the Eskimo-Aleut group, closely related to the Canadian Inuktitut
- an estimated 63,000 speakers in Greenland and Denmark
- Dialects North (Inuktun), East (Tunumiutut), West Greenlandic (Kitaamiutut)
- The basis of the national written language is the western dialect, which is spoken by 90% of the population.
- Greenlandic as a written language and literature since the 18th century.
- Grammar by the German missionary Samuel Peter Kleinschmidt (1851)
- In 1861 the first newspaper appears in Greenlandic (Atuagagdliutit)
- official spelling since 1973
- Latin script with Danish spelling
- Vocabulary influenced by Danish (e.g. higher numbers)
- Polysynthetic constructions: characteristic long unstressed syllable sequences (word stem with suffixes and endings) which fulfill the sentence function
- Well-known words of Greenlandic origin: anorak (annoraaq), igloo (illu), kayak (qajaq), parka (pakkarsuaq)
Source: De Tijd: Groenland zet nieuwe stap naar onafhankelijkheid
Klégr, Aleš et al .: Světem jazyků
Link: Greenlandic-English dictionary
Photo: Makemake under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license
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