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In the saddle between the two city mountains of Ephesus lies the so-called Kuretenstrasse - even today the main axis that runs diagonally through the ancient city. The ancient name for Kuretenstrasse, derived from inscriptions, was probably "Embolos" ("wedge, spur"). Although research has been the focus of research since the beginning of the 20th century, essential aspects of the development of this neuralgic urban district have so far not been taken into account. On the basis of archaeological findings and findings analysis, the author reconstructs the features of the lower embolus from the 3rd century BC onwards. BC and specifies the dating and building history of the individual monuments, wells and taberns on its south side. A chronologically reliable classification of 'Heroon' and 'Octagon', the dates of which had previously been controversial, is also given, as well as new insights into the design of the embolos in the late antique-early Byzantine period. A building boom from the middle of the 5th to the middle of the 6th century corresponds to the demonstration of renewed prosperity in the city of Ephesus, which can be observed in general, with the conversion of existing, partially destroyed buildings at the lower embolus into monumental fountains and the construction of the so-called Kuretenhalle are particularly noteworthy.
Waldner, Alice
Alice WALDNER is head of the "Ceramic Research" research group at the Austrian Archaeological Institute of the Austrian Academy of Sciences