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University sports ritual in the USA - Collegiate sport ritual in the United States

There are a variety of rituals associated with college sports events in the United States. Depending on the sport, demographics and location, sports rituals often vary for preparation, organization and the gaming experience. Indeed, many would argue that rituals are the experience.

Ritualization in sport

Rituals have become an integral part of sporting events in the United States. Traditionally, students and fans take part in various pregame celebrations, including cheer rallies, tailgating and informal gatherings, before the games. This carousel ritual continues throughout the game and into the post-game celebrations. Numerous people are involved in the ritualization of sporting events, including fans, players and crews who are responsible for the maintenance and preparation of the fields and stadiums.

The importance of rituals at sporting events cannot be underestimated. Fields and stadiums must be properly maintained and prepared before the match day. Not only do fans spend hours preparing for game day, the whole day is often devoted to game day celebrations. Fans even have many pre-game rituals that involve superstitious activities like putting on certain clothes, preparing certain foods, and even sitting in certain seats in the hopes that their team will win. For many players, rituals have become superstitious; However, it is believed that players do not rely on superstition to win, but are used in the hopes of continuing their winning streak or getting good luck. After all the preparations and the game, the ritual continues in the form of festivals and celebrations.

Understand rituals in sport

The origins of rituals and how and why an individual participates in traditions vary from person to person. Studies using interviews have shown that individuals can try to join traditions in order to fit culturally. Traditions are often a means of identity, and association with particular traditions or trends is a way of creating a cultural identity that is similar to your surroundings. Often times, due to the influences around them, individuals participate in a particular activity or ritual, e.g. B. in team colors or at rallies. Be family, friends and the surrounding social environment. Culturally important activities are supported by the surrounding community and fans. The compiled support for rituals leads to a company. These rituals become both tradition and business as many universities and communities benefit from ritual events (i.e., the trend of attending games and buying tickets and team equipment). Over time, starting in the 1900s, as the college team's popularity increased, so did commercialization, and hence began with the support and traditions of the fans.

Various sports rituals

Each sport has different rituals. The occurrence of rituals in any sport is usually performed through rituals before, after, and after the game. While many teams have specific rituals associated with them, the organization of the game often dictates the type of rituals that take place. Rituals often find a comfortable home in between games. Regardless of whether the game is divided into rounds, quarters, innings or some other form of timekeeping, the time in between is filled with either a performance by cheering groups, the band or other organizations, or participation within the crowd through body movements. Chants or applause. Rituals are not limited to the time between games, however, and silence, cheering, or intimidation and mockery can become part of the experience. Many athletes and observers would feel absent if they did not perform. Many avid sports watchers believe that the results of certain games are of the utmost importance in their lives and practice rituals to increase the likelihood that their wishes will come true. The rituals vary, although their meaning remains consistent for those involved.

Members of Alpha Phi Omega carry the world's largest Texas flag during a pregame ceremony at a University of Texas soccer game. Another notable tradition related to flags is that of Washington State University. A group of alumni ensured that the football version of the College GameDay a school flag has been hoisted since October 2003.

Ritual in rivalry

Ritual is often found in history and rivalry between schools. The ritual includes major sporting events between universities that have a deep sense of competition with one another. From the trophies and boastful rights given to winning teams to the hype and tradition centered on the game itself, many university teams and communities participate in the rituals surrounding rivalry games. An example that has been known since 1900 is the rivalry between the University of Texas and the University of Oklahoma. Members of the teams and communities also known as the Red River Rivalry and Show Down battle for conference status as well as national titles, but most of all they brag about rights. The Longhorns and Sooners played on a neutral field, battling for the Red River's claim for the year. An example of similar intensity is the Iron Bowl, the soccer rivalry between the University of Alabama and Auburn University. These teams play for a trophy, but mostly for property rights and bragging rights of the state. Another example of a ritual within the rivalry is the handover of the Old Oaken Bucket between Indiana University and Purdue University soccer teams. These two teams have been exchanging this 100-year-old bucket for 76 years. The winning team will be crowned with a paired IP from the first game, resulting in a tie. Every year it adds a "P" or an "I" link to the chain of the bucket that grows with victories. After all, the Little Brown Jug is said to represent an imperturbable football match between the Universities of Michigan and Minnesota that is said to be "filled with the ghosts of the rust men." This little brown pitcher was marked with a capital "M" after a tie between the two teams in 1903 when the game lasted two minutes because the fans' storming the field was the winning prize between the two opposing teams. Painted, hidden and returned to the winning team after the victory, the jug has a long history among the teams as the excitement and the ritual passing of the jug are in the foreground.

Ritual in school songs, cheers and chants

Colleges and universities, large and small, across the country are often represented by a battle song or chant. This ritual activity is seen from coast to coast as students, athletes and fans sing and sing together to support their school. These songs, often from the early 20th century, are used to identify with a team and show support. These songs and chants are often played at the start of games, in response to game events, and after victories. They are a ritual to bring the fans together and engage the fans. For example, the University of Southern California's battle song "Fight On" was written in 1922 as part of a spirit competition and is now sung at sporting events to cheer USC teams on. Texas A&M University features a range of chants, shouts, and songs, as well as a traditional battle song that university members identify with. These are led by Yell Leaders rather than cheerleaders to "step up" the crowd at games and events. Texas A&M chants are even used to gather students together before game day at events such as the Midnight Yell Practice, which began with its roots in the early 1900s when shrine guides presided over the ritual chants and cheers of the old army .

The Notre Dame Victory March is also an outstanding example of tradition and ritual in the unified support of a school through song and song. This song, written in 1908, stood the test of time when once in a century it tried to be rewritten by another composer. Refusal to promote and change songs shows commitment to the original, traditional battle song that is played at Notre Dame events. The Michigan State University battle song was written in response to increasing rivalry between university sports teams and served as a way to raise funds. The song was written by the screaming master Irving Lankey to further support the soccer team and create excitement that goes beyond traditional band music. A final example, The University of Oklahoma, has a battle song dating back to 1905. The traditional Boomer Sooner song was written to spark the excitement of football fans and is sung to this day as part of a team that supports and audiences supports participation ritual. These songs and chants, found in universities in the United States, often have familiar melodies because, when the songs were written in the early 1900s, writers often used songs that were previously used or already existed by other schools, as the basis for a battle song, as is the case with OU, with Yale's song but changing the words.

Pep rallies and ceremonies as a ritual

Some of the very different aspects of pre-game rituals are the encouragements that take place in schools across the country. Although pep rallies take place during lower school levels, college pep rallies are usually much larger, especially before big games. An example of such a heated ceremony is the Texas A&M Bonfire, traditionally held before that school's annual matchup against the University of Texas in November. This event sparked a lot of controversy in the A&M community after 12 students were killed in a breakdown in 1999. The event has since moved away from campus and has not been associated with the university in 10 years. It's also important to note that the A&M community is glorifying the fallen aggies with a memorial and, most recently, a DVD that can be purchased on campus. A portion of the proceeds will go to the Bonfire Remembrance Fund. Auburn University has a tradition called the "Tiger Walk" that began in the 1960s. Before each home game, the fans stand on Donahue Drive and cheer the athletes when they go from the dormitory to the stadium for the game. The University of Texas students and fans also took part in a rally called the A&M Hex Rally, which was hosted by the Texas Exes organization before the UT-A&M rivalry began for the time being with the A&M 2012 move Southeastern Conference ended. This ritual gathering, singing, and cheering by Longhorn fans began as an attempt to break a Texas A&M winning streak on the Aggies' home field.

Group behavior

Many universities also have traditions that govern group behavior before, during, and after football matches. For example, many schools create "dress codes" for certain games each season. Penn State and Texas A&M are hosting "white-outs" and "maroon-outs" where fans in the stands are expected to wear a specific color to create a sense of unity. However, group behavior is not exclusively reserved for fans. University of Notre Dame players traditionally hit a sign reading "Play Like a Champion Today" when they exit the locker room and enter the field. This tradition has been replicated in other schools across the country.

Although not originally associated with the United States, one of the most recognizable group behaviors in world sport - the haka of the New Zealand national rugby union team (All Blacks) - has been appropriated generally by some American college and high school teams, those with significant Polynesian influence. (The Polynesian connection is based on the origins of the New Zealand Māori, the creators of the haka.) Most notably, the University of Hawaii soccer team performed the All Blacks 'haka as part of their pre-game ritual before performing their own dance, the Ha' a, based on native Hawaiian traditions. It is not uncommon for people to show hand gestures and signals at sporting events or in a university setting. For example, Texas Tech fans are known for their "Guns Up" hand gesture, which resembles the shape of an L made up of the thumb and forefinger. This started in 1972 and traditionally represents the tech raiders shooting down their opponents and is often used for partying at games. The popularity of the saying "Sic 'Em Bears" has grown among Baylor students with the gesture that resembles a bear's claw. The cheering with the appropriate gesture is often seen when students cheer for Baylor teams together during the competition.

Preparations / dress

In addition to the dress days mentioned above, most fans wear one of their team's basic colors for a game. This type of dress, no different from wearing "Sunday's Best" for Church, seems to help create comments between fans and the team. Observations on the sideline also show that some coaches wear specific colors depending on their duties on the field. In a photo of a Nebraska coach, we can see he's wearing a less traditional color, probably so that players can easily identify him from the field of play when looking for the game call.

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