How does separation of powers work?

Separation of powers

Listen to article (© bpb)
The separation of powers is called the division of state power into three parts.
So nobody has all the power alone.


In some states only one ruler determines. Or there is a small group of people. You alone determine what the police and others in the state should do. You can also say: you alone have the power.
There is no separation of powers.

The powerful then often do what they want. For example, they take things, lock people up, or even kill them. That is why there was a lot of violence in Germany in the past. That is why there is still a lot of violence in other countries today.

To prevent this from happening, the following should be observed:
  • Not just one or a small group determines the power of the state.
  • State power is divided into three parts. There is a separation of powers.
The state authority in the Federal Republic of Germany is divided into three parts:
  • There is the legislative power. They are also called legislation or legislature.
  • There is executive or executive power. They are also called the executive.
  • There is the judiciary. They are also called jurisprudence or judiciary.
The powers should control each other. Few people shouldn't be able to decide too much.

This is a diagram of the separation of powers. (& copy bpb, illustrator Andreas Piehl)



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